Mate References

Here are our suggested reading and relevant references from Mate: Become The Man Women Want. We included the most readable and fascinating of the academic books and popular books that are cheap to buy, easy to read, and grounded in good evidence and sound advice.

We also included the most relevant scientific papers — we picked recent ones, with clearly descriptive (or amusing) titles, in strong journals, by reputable researchers, with useful bibliographies.

Chapter 1: Build Self-Confidence

Popular Books

Baumeister, R. (2012). Willpower. New York: Penguin Books.
Beilock (2011). Choke. New York: Atria Books.
Brown, B. (2010). The Gifts Of Imperfection. Center City, MN: Hazelden.
Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2013). Confidence. New York: Hudson Street Press.
Donovan, J. (2012). The Way Of Men. Milwaukie, OR: Dissonant Hum.
Dweck, C. (2007). Mindset. New York: Ballantine Books.
Glover, R. A. (2003). No More Mr. Nice Guy. Philadelphia: Running Press.
Greene, R. (2000). The 48 Laws Of Power. New York: Penguin.
Kay, K., & Shipman, C. (2014). The Confidence Code. New York: Harper Business.
McKay, B., & McKay, K. (2009). The Art Of Manliness. HOW Books.
Northcutt, W. (2011). The Darwin Awards: Countdown To Extinction. New York: Plume.
Sullivan, B. (2012). Confidence Beyond Measure. CreateSpace.

Academic Books

Plomin, R., et al. (2012). Behavioral Genetics (6th Ed.). New York: Worth Publishers.
Vazire, S., & Wilson, T. D. (Eds.). (2012). Handbook Of Self-Knowledge. New York: Guilford Press.

Academic Papers and Essays

Anderson, C., et al. (2012). A status-enhancement account of overconfidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 718–735.
Back, M. D., et al. (2011). Knowing your own mate value: Sex-specific personality effects on the accuracy of expected mate choices. Psychological Science, 22, 984–989.
Bale, C., & Archer, J. (2013). Self-perceived attractiveness, romantic desirability, and self-esteem: A mating sociometer perspective. Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 68–84.
Brase, G. K., & Guy, E. C. (2004). The demographics of mate value and self-esteem. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 471–484.
Buhle, J. T., et al. (2014). Cognitive reappraisal of emotion: A meta-analysis of human neuroimaging studies. Cerebral Cortex, 24, 2981–2990.
Denissen, J. J. A., et al. (2008). Self-esteem reactions to social interactions: Evidence for sociometer mechanisms across days, people, and nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 181–196.
Ehrlinger, J., et al. (2008). Why the unskilled are unaware: Further explorations of (absent) self-insight among the incompetent. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 105, 98–121.
Eisenberger, N. I., et al. (2011). The neural sociometer: Brain mechanisms underlying state self-esteem. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 3448–3455.
Else-Quest, N. M., et al. (2012). Gender differences in self-conscious emotional experience: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 138, 947–981.
Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 359, 1367–1377.
Garland, E. L., et al. (2010). Upward spirals of positive emotions counter downward spirals of negativity: Insights from the broaden-and-build theory and affective neuroscience on the treatment of emotion dysfunctions and deficits in psychopathology. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 849–864.
Gentile, B., et al. (2009). Gender differences in domain-specific self-esteem: A meta-analysis. Review of General Psychology, 13, 34–45.
Greven, C. U., et al. (2009). More than just IQ: School achievement is predicted by self-perceived abilities—but for genetic rather than environmental reasons. Psychological Science, 20, 753–762.
Hofmann, S. G., et al. (2010). The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 169–183.
Holbrook, C., et al. (2014). Conceptual and empirical challenges to the “Authentic” versus “Hubristic” model of pride. Emotion, 14, 17–32.
Ivers, R., et al. (2009). Novice drivers’ risky driving behavior, risk perception, and crash risk: Findings from the DRIVE study. American Journal of Public Health, 99, 1638–1644.
Kavanagh, P. S., et al. (2010). The mating sociometer: A regulatory mechanism for mating aspirations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 120–132.
Keng, S.-L., et al. (2011). Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: A review of empirical studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 1041–1056.
Lendrem, B. A., et al. (2014). The Darwin Awards: Sex differences in idiotic behavior. British Medical Journal, 349, g7094.
Moore, D. A., & Healy, P. J. (2008). The trouble with overconfidence. Psychological Review, 115, 502–517.
Ost, L.-G. (2014). The efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 61, 105–121.
Penke, L., et al. (2008). How self-assessments can guide human mating decisions. In G. Geher & G. Miller (Eds.), Mating intelligence (pp. 37–76). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Perc, M. (2014). The Matthew Effect in empirical data. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 11, 2014038.
Place, S. S., et al. (2010). Humans show mate copying after observing real mate choices. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 320–325.
Ruch, W. (2009). Fearing humor? Gelotophobia: The fear of being laughed at: Introduction and overview. Humor, 22, 1–25.
Scherer, K. R., & Meuleman, B. (2013). Human emotion experiences can be predicted on theoretical grounds: Evidence from verbal labeling. PLOS ONE, 8, e58166.
Schmitt, D. P., & Shackelford, T. K. (2008). Big Five traits related to short-term mating: From personality to promiscuity across 46 nations. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 246–282.
Stankov, L., et al. (2014). Confidence: The best non-cognitive predictor of academic achievement? Educational Psychology, 34, 9–28.
Waaktaar, R., & Torgersen, S. (2013). Self-efficacy is mainly genetic, not learned: A multiple-rated twin study on the causal structure of general self-efficacy in young people. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 16, 651–660.
Wagner, J., et al. (2013). Cherish yourself: Longitudinal patterns and conditions of self-esteem change in the transition to young adulthood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 148–163.
Waynforth, D. (2007). Mate choice copying in humans. Human Nature, 18, 264–271.

Chapter 2: Understand What It’s Like to Be a Woman

Popular Books

Atik, C. (2013). Modern Dating: A Field Guide. Ontario, Canada: Harlequin.
Behrendt, G., & Tuccillo, L. (2009). He’s Just Not That Into You. New York: Gallery.
Bell, L. C. (2013). Hard to Get: Twenty-Something Women and the Paradox of Sexual Freedom. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bolick, K. (2015). Spinster: Making a Life of One’s Own. New York: Crown.
Brizendine, L. (2007). The Female Brain. New York: Harmony.
Buss, D. M. (2003). The Evolution Of Desire. New York: Basic Books.
Buss, D. M. (2006). The Murderer Next Door. New York: Penguin.
Gray, J. (2012). Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus. New York: HarperCollins.
Hussey, M. (2013). Get the Guy. New York: Harper Wave.
Kiehl, K. A. (2014). The Psychopath Whisperer: The Science of Those Without Conscience. New York: Crown.
Salmon, C., & Symons, D. (2003). Warrior Lovers: Erotic Fiction, Evolution and Female Sexuality . New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Sandberg, S. (2013). Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead. New York: Knopf.

Academic Books

Ambady, N., & Skowronski, J. J. (Eds.). (2008). First impressions. New York: Guilford Press.
Arnqvist, G., & Rowe, L. (2005). Sexual Conflict. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Campbell, A. (2002). A mind of her own. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ellis, L. (2008). Sex Differences. New York: Psychology Press.
Ellison, P. (2003). On Fertile Ground: A Natural History of Human Reproduction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Geary, D. C. (2009). Male, Female: The Evolution of Human Sex Differences (2nd Ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Hewlett, B. S., & Lamb, M. E. (Eds.). (2005). Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods. New Brunswick, NJ: AldineTransaction.
Hrdy, S. B. (2011). Mothers and others. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
Lancaster, J., & Hamburg, B. (2008). School-Age Pregnancy and Parenthood: Biosocial Dimensions. New York: AldineTransaction.
Lancy, D. F. (2014). The Anthropology of Childhood (2nd Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mullen, P. E., et al. (2008). Stalkers and their Victims (2nd Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Muller, M. N., & Wrangham, R. W. (Eds.). (2009). Sexual Coercion in Primates and Humans. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Royle, N. J., et al. (2012). The Evolution of Parental Care. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Shackelford, T. K., & Goetz, A. T. (Eds.). (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Sexual Conflict in Humans. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Thornhill, R., & Palmer, C. T. (2001). A Natural History of Rape. Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books.
Weekes-Shackelford, V. A., & Shackelford, T. K. (Eds.). (2014). Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Sexual Psychology and Behavior. New York: Springer.

Academic Papers and Essays

Apostolou, M. (2013). The evolution of rape: The fitness benefits and costs of a forced-sex mating strategy in an evolutionary context. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 18, 484–490.
Armstrong, E. A., et al. (2012). Accounting for women’s orgasm and sexual enjoyment in college hookups and relationships. American Sociological Review, 77, 435–462.
Armstrong, E. A., et al. (2014). “Good girls”: Gender, social class, and slut discourse on campus. Social Psychology Quarterly, 77, 100–122.
Barber, N. (2008). Cross-national variation in the motivation for uncommitted sex: The role of disease and social risk. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 234–245.
Baughman, H. M., et al. (2014). Four shades of sexual fantasies linked to the Dark Triad. Personality and Individual Differences, 67, 47–51.
Baumeister, R. F., & Twenge, J. M. (2002). Cultural suppression of female sexuality. Review of General Psychology, 6, 166–203.
Benenson, J. F. (2013). The development of human female competition: Allies and adversaries. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 368, e20130079.
Betzig, L. (2012). Means, variances, and ranges in reproductive success: Comparative evidence. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33(4), 309–317.
Bivona, J., & Critelli, J. (2009). The nature of women’s rape fantasies: An analysis of prevalence, frequency, and contents. Journal of Sex Research, 46, 33–45.
Bivona, J., et al. (2012). Women’s rape fantasies: An empirical evaluation of the major explanations. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 1107–1119.
Blanchard, D. C., et al. (2011). Risk assessment as an evolved threat detection and analysis process. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 991–998.
Bleske-Rechek, A., et al. (2014). Face and body: Independent predictors of women’s attractiveness. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43, 1355–1365.
Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, 1–14.
Buss, D. M., & Duntley, J. D. (2011). The evolution of intimate partner violence. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 16, 411–419.
Buss, D. M., & Schmitt, D. P. (2011). Evolutionary psychology and feminism. Sex Roles, 64(9–10), 768–787.
Campbell, A. (2012). The study of sex differences: Feminism and biology. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 220, 137–143.
Carvalho, J., et al. (2013). Gender differences in sexual arousal and affective responses to erotica: The effects of type of film and fantasy instructions. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 1011–1019.
Conley, T. D. (2011). Perceived proposer personality characteristics and gender differences in acceptance of casual sex offers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 309–329.
Conley, T. D., et al. (2013). Backlash from the bedroom: Stigma mediates gender differences in acceptance of casual sex offers. Psychology of Woman Quarterly, 37, 392–407.
Davison, S. L., et al. (2009). The relationship between self-reported sexual satisfaction and general well-being in women. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 6, 2690–2697.
Del Giudice, M., et al. (2012). The distance between Mars and Venus: Measuring global sex differences in personality. PLOS ONE, 7, e29265.
Dixson, B. J., et al. (2011). Eye-tracking of men’s preferences for waist-to-hip ratio and breast size of women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 43–50.
Duntley, J. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (2012). Adaptations to avoid victimization. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 17, 59–71.
Durante, K. M., et al. (2012). Ovulation leads women to perceive sexy cads as good dads. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 292–305.
England, P., & Bearak, J. (2014). The sexual double standard and gender differences in attitudes towards casual sex among US university students. Demographic Research, 30, 1327–1338.
Ferguson, C. J., et al. (2011). Who is the fairest one of all? How evolution guides peer and media influence on female body image dissatisfaction. Review of General Psychology, 15, 11–28.
Fessler, D. M. T., et al. (2012). Weapons make the man (larger): Formidability is represented as size and strength in humans. PLOS ONE, 7, e32751.
Fessler, D. M. T., et al. (2014). Stranger danger: Parenthood increases the envisioned bodily formidability of menacing men. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 109–117.
Fielder, R. L., et al. (2014). Sexual hookups and adverse health outcomes: A longitudinal study of first-year college women. Journal of Sex Research, 31, 131–144.
Fink, B., et al. (2007). Male facial appearance signals physical strength to women. American Journal of Human Biology, 19, 82–87.
Fisher, M., & Cox, A. (2010). Man change thyself: Hero versus heroine development in Harlequin romance novels. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 4, 305–316.
Fleischman, D. S. (2014). Women’s disgust adaptations. In V. A. Weekes-Shackelford & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Evolutionary perspectives on human sexual psychology and behavior (pp. 277–296). New York: Springer.
Fredrickson, B. L., & Roberts, T. A. (1997). Objectification theory: Toward understanding women’s lived experiences and mental health risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, 173–206.
Fulton, J. J., et al. (2010). Psychopathic personality traits and risky sexual behavior in college students. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 29–33.
Gallup, A. C., et al. (2007). Handgrip strength predicts sexual behavior, body morphology, and aggression in male college students. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 423–429.
Galperin, A., et al. (2013). Sexual regret: Evidence for evolved sex differences. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 1145–1161.
Gidycz, C. A., et al. (2006). Women’s risk perception and sexual victimization: A review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 11, 441–456.
Goetz, C. D., et al. (2014). The allure of vulnerability: Advertising cues to exploitability as a signal of sexual accessibility. Personality and Individual Differences, 64, 121–125.
Grijalva, E., et al. (2015). Gender differences in narcissism: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 141, 261–310.
Grossbard, J. R., et al. (2011). Perceived norms of thinness and muscularity among college students: What do men and women really want? Eating Behaviors, 12, 192–199.
Guegen, N. (2011). Effects of solicitor sex and attractiveness on receptivity to sexual offers: A field study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 915–919.
Hakin, C. (2009). Erotic capital. European Sociological Review, 26, 499–518.
Hald, G. M., & Hogh-Olesen, H. (2010). Receptivity to sexual invitations from strangers of the opposite gender. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 453–458.
Haselton, M. G., et al. (2005). Sex, lies, and strategic interference: The psychology of deception between the sexes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 3–23.
Heflick, N. A., et al. (2011). From women to objects: Appearance focus, target gender, and perceptions of warmth, morality, and competence. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 572–581.
Helle, S., et al. (2008). Marrying women 15 years younger maximized men’s evolutionary fitness in historical Sami. Biology Letters, 4, 75–77.
Higgins, J. A., et al. (2010). Virginity lost, satisfaction gained? Physiological and psychological sexual satisfaction at heterosexual debut. Journal of Sex Research, 47, 384–394.
Jokela, M., et al. (2010). Serial monogamy increases reproductive success in men but not in women. Behavioral Ecology, 21(5), 906–912.
Jonason, P. K., et al. (2012). The antihero in popular culture: Life history theory and the Dark Triad personality traits. Review of General Psychology, 16,192–199.
Kaighobadi, F., et al. (2012). Do women pretend orgasm to retain a mate? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 1121–1125.
Kastner, R. B., & Sellbom, M. (2012). Hypersexuality in college students: The role of psychopathy. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 644–649.
Kirsch, L. G., & Becker, J. V. (2007). Emotional deficits in psychopathy and sexual sadism: Implications for violent and sadistic behavior. Clinical Psychology Review, 27, 904–922.
Kokko, H. (2005). Treat ’em mean, keep ’em (sometimes) keen: Evolution of female preferences for dominant and coercive males. Evolutionary Ecology, 19, 123–135.
Kreager, D. A., & Staff, J. (2009). The sexual double standard and adolescent peer acceptance. Social Psychology Quarterly, 72, 143–164.
Lieberman, D., et al. (2011). Kin affiliation across the ovulatory cycle: Females avoid fathers when fertile. Psychological Science, 22, 13–18.
Lippa, R. A. (2009). Sex differences in sex drive, sociosexuality, and height across 53 nations: Testing evolutionary and social structural theories. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 631–651.
Lynn, M. (2009). Determinants and consequences of female attractiveness and sexiness: Realistic tests with restaurant waitresses. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 737–745.
Maestripieri, D., et al. (2014). A greater decline in female facial attractiveness during middle age reflects women’s loss of reproductive value. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, e179.
Marlowe, Frank W. (2005). Hunter-gatherers and human evolution. Evolutionary Anthropology, 14, 54–67.
Marlowe, F. W. (2007). Hunting and gathering: The human sexual division of foraging labor. Cross-Cultural Research, 41, 170–195.
McAndrew, F. T. (2014). The “sword of a woman”: Gossip and female aggression. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19, 196–199.
McKibbin, W. F., et al. (2008). Why do men rape? An evolutionary psychological perspective. Review of General Psychology, 12, 86–97.
McKibbin, W. F., & Shackelford, T. K. (2011). Women’s avoidance of rape. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 16, 437–443.
Nelson, S. M., et al. (2013). The ageing ovary and uterus: New biological insights. Human Reproduction Update, 19, 67–83.
Neurberg, S. L., et al. (2011). Human threat management systems: Self-protection and disease avoidance. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 1042–1051.
Oswalt, S. B., et al. (2005). Sexual regret in college students. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 34, 663–669.
Perilloux, C., et al. (2011). Susceptibility to sexual victimization and women’s mating strategies. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 783–786.
Perilloux, C., et al. (2012). The costs of rape. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 1099–1106.
Perilloux, C., et al. (2014). Blame attribution in sexual victimization. Personality and Individual Differences, 63, 81–86.
Perilloux, C., & Kurzban, R. (2015). Do men over-perceive women’s sexual interest? Psychological Science, 26, 70–77.
Petersen, J. L., & Hyde, J. S. (2010). A meta-analytic review of research on gender differences in sexuality, 1993–2007. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 21–38.
Peterson, B. D., et al. (2012). Fertility awareness and parenting attitudes among American male and female undergraduate university students. Human Reproduction, 27, 1375–1382.
Puts, D. A. (2010). Beauty and the beast: Mechanisms of sexual selection in humans. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31(3), 157–175.
Rosvall, K. A. (2011). Intrasexual competition in females: Evidence for sexual selection? Behavioral Ecology, 22, 1131–1140.
Rudman, L. A., & Mescher, K. (2012). Of animals and objects: Men’s implicit dehumanization of women and likelihood of sexual aggression. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 734–746.
Russell, E. M., et al. (2013). Friends with benefits, but without the sex: Straight women and gay men exchange trustworthy mating advice. Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 132–147.
Sacco, D. F., et al. (2012). Social exclusion and female mating behavior: Rejected women show strategic enhancement of short-term mating interests. Evolutionary Psychology, 10, 573–587.
Sagarin, B. J., et al. (2012). Sex differences in jealousy: A meta-analytic examination. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 595–614.
Schmitt, D. P. (2003). Universal sex differences in the desire for sexual variety: Tests from 52 nations, 6 continents, and 13 islands. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 85–104.
Schmitt, D. P., et al. (2012). A reexamination of sex differences in sexuality: New studies reveal old truths. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(2), 135–139.
Stephen, I. D., et al. (2014). Judging the difference between attractiveness and health: Does exposure to model images influence the judgments made by men and women? PLOS ONE, 9, e86302.
Stillman, T. F., et al. (2010). A thin slice of violence: Distinguishing violent from nonviolent sex offenders at a glance. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 298–303.
Stockley, P., & Campbell, A. (2013). Female competition and aggression: Interdisciplinary perspectives. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B,368, e20130073.
Suschinsky, K. D., & Lalumiere, M. L. (2011). Prepared for anything? An investigation of genital arousal to rape cues. Psychological Science, 22, 159–165.
’t Hard-Kerkhoffs, L. A., et al. (2009). Autism spectrum disorder symptoms in juvenile suspects of sex offenses. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 70, 266–272.
Testa, M., & Livingston, J. A. (2009). Alcohol consumption and women’s vulnerability to sexual victimization: Can reducing women’s drinking prevent rape? Substance Use & Misuse, 44, 1349–1376.
Treat, T. A., et al. (2011). Men’s memory for women’s sexual-interest and rejection cues. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 25, 802–810.
Tybur, J. M., et al. (2011). Sex differences and sex similarities in disgust sensitivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 343–348.
Vaillancourt, T. (2013). Do human females use indirect aggression as an intrasexual competition strategy? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 368, e20130080.
von Hippel, W., & Trivers, R. (2011). The evolution and psychology of self-deception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34, 1–56.
Wallace, W. H. B., & Kelsey, T. W. (2010). Human ovarian reserve from conception to the menopause. PLOS ONE, 5, e8772.
Widman, L., & McNulty, J. K. (2010). Sexual narcissism and the perpetration of sexual aggression. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 926–939.
Winking, J., et al. (2009). The goals of direct paternal care among a South Amerindian population. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 139(3), 295–304.
Yeater, E. A., et al. (2011). The relationship between women’s response effectiveness and a history of sexual victimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26, 462–478.
Young, A. W., & Bruce, V. (2011). Understanding person perception. British Journal of Psychology, 102, 959–974.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. F. (2000). Courtship in the Pleistocene. In G. F. Miller, The Mating Mind (pp. 177–223). New York: Doubleday.
Miller, G. F., et al. (2007). Ovulatory cycle effects on tip earnings by lap-dancers: Economic evidence for human estrus? Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 375–381.

Chapter 3: Clarify Your Mating Goals and Ethics

Popular Books

Ariely, D. (2013). The Honest Truth About Dishonesty. New York: Harper Perennial.
Baumeister, R. F. (2010). Is There Anything Good About Men? Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Blanton, B. (2005). Radical Honesty. Stanley, VA: Sparrowhawk.
Christensen, C. M., et al. (2012). How Will You Measure Your Life? New York: HarperCollins.
Easton, D., & Hardy, J. W. (2009). The Ethical Slut. Berkeley, CA: Celestial Arts.
Geher, G., & Kauman, S. B. (2013). Mating Intelligence Unleashed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Green, R. (2004). The Art of Seduction. London: Profile Books.
Haidt, J. (2013). The Righteous Mind. New York: Vintage.
Harris, S. (2011). The Moral Landscape. New York: Free Press.
Kurzban, R. (2012). Why Everyone (Else) Is a Hypocrite. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Perel, E. (2007). Mating in Captivity. New York: Harper Perennial.
Regnerus, M. D. (2007). Forbidden Fruit: Sex & Religion in the Lives of American Teenagers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ryan, C., & Jetha, C. (2011). Sex At Dawn. New York: Harper Perennial.
Shermer, M. (2015). The Moral Arc. New York: Henry Holt.
Taormino, T. (2008). Opening Up. Berkeley, CA: Cleis Press.
Tomassi, R. (2013). The Rational Male. CreateSpace.
Trivers, R. (2011). The Folly of Fools. New York: Basic Books.
Wilson, D. S. (2007). Evolution for Everyone. McHenry, IL: Delta.

Academic Papers and Essays

Apicella, C., & Marlowe, F. W. (2007). Men’s reproductive investment decisions: Mating, parenting, and self-perceived mate value. Human Nature, 18, 22–34.
Ariely, D., & Loewenstein, G. (2006). The heat of the moment: The effect of sexual arousal on decision making. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 19, 87–98.
Barker, M., & Langdridge, D. (2010). Whatever happened to non-monogamies? Critical reflections on recent research and theory. Sexualities, 13, 748–772.
Conley, T. D., et al. (2013). A critical examination of popular assumptions about the benefits and outcomes of monogamous relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 17, 124–141.
Finkel, E., et al. (2014). The suffocation of marriage: Climbing Mount Maslow without enough oxygen. Psychological Inquiry, 25, 1–41.
Finkel, E., et al. (2015). When does familiarity promote versus undermine interpersonal attraction? A proposed integrative model from erstwhile adversaries. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10, 3–19.
Gangestad, S. W., & Simpson, J. A. (2000). The evolution of human mating: Trade-offs and strategic pluralism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 573–644.
Horn, E. E., et al. (2013). Accounting for the physical and mental health benefits of entry into marriage: A genetically informed study of selection and causation. Journal of Family Psychology, 27, 30–41.
Hughes, S. M., & Kruger, D. J. (2011). Sex differences in post-coital behaviors in long- and short-term mating: An evolutionary perspective. Journal of Sex Research, 48, 496–505.
Jonason, P. K., et al. (2009). The Dark Triad: Facilitating a short-term mating strategy in men. European Journal of Personality, 23(1), 5–18.
Jonason, P. K., & Buss, D. M. (2012). Avoiding entangling commitments: Tactics for implementing a short-term mating strategy. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 606–610.
Jones, D. N., & Olderbak, S. G. (2014). The associations among dark personalities and sexual tactics across different scenarios. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(6), 1050–1070.
Kurzban, R., et al. (2010). Sex, drugs, and moral goals: Reproductive strategies and views about recreational drugs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 277, 3501–3508.
Li, N. P., & Kenrick, D. T. (2006). Sex similarities and differences in preferences for short-term, mates: What, whether, and why. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 468–489.
Lukaszewski, A. W., et al. (2014). Support for the condition-dependent calibration hypothesis of men’s short-term mating motivation: Evidence from multiple independent samples. Evolution & Human Behavior, 35, 319–326.
Manning, J. T., & Fink, B. (2008). Digit ratio (2D:4D), dominance, reproductive success, asymmetry, and sociosexuality in the BBC Internet study. American Journal of Human Biology, 20, 451–461.
McClintock, E. A. (2011). Handsome wants as handsome does: Physical attractiveness and gender differences in revealed sexual preferences. Biodemography and Social Biology, 57, 221–257.
Mitchell, M. E., et al. (2014). Need fulfillment in polyamorous relationships. Journal of Sex Research, 51, 329–339.
Musick, K., & Bumpass, L. (2012). Reexamining the case for marriage: Union formation and changes in well-being. Journal of Marriage and Family, 74, 1–18.
Penke, L., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2008). Beyond global sociosexual orientations: A more differentiated look at sociosexuality and its effects on courtship and romantic relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1113–1135.
Robles, T. F., et al. (2014). Marital quality and health: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 140–187.
Weeden, J., & Kurzban, R. (2013). What predicts religiosity? A multinational analysis of reproductive and cooperative models. Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 440–445.

Geoff’s Work

Geher, G., & Miller, G. F. (Eds.). (2008). Mating intelligence. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Miller, G. F. (2008). Kindness, fidelity, and other sexually-selected virtues. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Ed.), Moral psychology: Vol. 1. The evolution of morality: Adaptations and innateness (pp. 209–243). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Chapter 4: Understand What Women Want…and Why

Popular Books

Dixit, A. K., & Nalebuff, B. J. (2010). The Art of Strategy: A Game Theorist’s Guide to Success in Business and Life. New York: W. W. Norton.
Kenrick, D. T. (2013). Sex, Murder, and the Meaning of Life. New York: Basic Books.
Meston, C. M., & Buss, D. M. (2009). Why Women Have Sex. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.
Perrett, D. (2012). In Your Face: The new science of human attraction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Prioleau, B. (2013). Swoon: Great Seducers and Why Women Love Them. New York: W. W. Norton.

Academic Books

Alcock, J. (2013). Animal Behavior (10th Ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.
Buss, D. M. (Ed.). (2014). Evolutionary Psychology (5th Ed.). New York: Pearson.
Buss, D. M. (Ed.). (2015). The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. New York: Wiley.
Cronin, H. (1991). The Ant and the Peacock. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Curtis, V. (2013). Don’t Look, Don’t Touch, Don’t Eat: The Science Behind Revulsion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Darwin, C. (1871). The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation. London: John Murray.
Dixson, A. F. (2009). Sexual Selection and the Origins of Human Mating Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dixson, A. F. (2013). Primate Sexuality (2nd Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gavrilets, S., & Rice, W. (Eds.). (2014). The Genetics and Biology of Sexual Conflict. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Press.
Milam, E. L. (2011). Looking for a Few Good Males: Female Choice in Evolutionary Biology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Tadelis, S. (2013). Game Theory: An Introduction. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Thornhill, R., & Gangestad, S. W. (2008). The Evolutionary Biology of Human Female Sexuality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Weekes-Shackelford, V. A., & Shackelford, T. K. (Eds.). (2014). Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Sexual Psychology and Behavior. New York: Springer.

Academic Papers and Essays

Aitken, S., et al. (2013). Dads or cads? Women’s strategic decisions in the mating game. Personality and Individual Differences, 55, 118–122.
Almbro, M., & Simmons, L. W. (2014). Sexual selection can remove an experimentally induced mutation load. Evolution, 68, 295–300.
Andersson, M., & Simmons, L. W. (2006). Sexual selection and mate choice. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 21, 296–302.
Baumeister, R. F., et al. (2001). Is there a gender difference in strength of sex drive? Theoretical views, conceptual distinctions, and a review of the relevant evidence. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, 242–273.
Buss, D. M., et al. (2001). A half century of mate preferences: The cultural evolution of values. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63, 491–503.
Buss, D. M., & Schmitt, D. P. (1993). Sexual strategies theory: An evolutionary perspective on human mating. Psychological Review, 100, 204–232.
Buss, D. M., & Shackelford, T. K. (2008). Attractive women want it all: Good genes, economic investment, parenting proclivities, and emotional commitment. Evolutionary Psychology, 6(1), 134–146.
Cardoso, G. C., et al. (2014). Increasing sexual ornamentation during a biological invasion. Behavioral Ecology, 25, 916–923.
Chandler, C. H., et al. (2013). Runaway sexual selection leads to good genes. Evolution, 67, 110–119.
DeBruine, L. M., et al. (2010). The health of nations predicts their mate preferences: Cross-cultural variation in women’s preferences for masculinized male faces. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 277, 2405–2410.
Dubbs, S. L., & Buunk, A. P. (2010). Parents just don’t understand: Parent-offspring conflict over mate choice. Evolutionary Psychology, 8, 586–598.
Gangestad, S. W., et al. (2010). Fertility in the cycle predicts women’s interest in sexual opportunism. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 400–411.
Gangestad, S. W., & Haselton, M. G. (2015). Human estrus: Implications for relationship science. Current Opinion in Psychology, 1, 45–51.
Garcia-Gonzalez, F., et al. (2015). Mating portfolios: Bet-hedging, sexual selection, and female multiple mating. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 282, 20141525.
Gavrilets, S., et al. (2001). The evolution of female mate choice by sexual conflict. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 268, 531–539.
Geary, D. (2000). Evolution and proximate expression of human paternal investment. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 55–77.
Gettler, L. T. (2010). Direct male care and hominin evolution: Why male-child interaction is more than a nice social idea. American Anthropologist, 112(1), 7–21.
Gildersleeve, K., et al. (2014). Do women’s mate preferences change across the ovulatory cycle? A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 5, 1205–1259.
Gray, P. B. (2013). Evolution and human sexuality. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 152, 94–118.
Griskevicius, V., et al. (2007). Blatant benevolence and conspicuous consumption: When romantic motives elicit costly displays. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 85–102.
Hofferth, S., & Anderson, K. G. (2003). Are all dads equal? Biology vs. marriage as a basis for paternal investment. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65, 213–232.
Holland, B., & Rice, W. R. (1998). Chase-away sexual selection: Antagonistic seduction versus resistance. Evolution, 52, 1–7.
Jarmolowicz, D. P., et al. (in press). Mr. Right versus Mr. Right Now: A discounting-based approach to promiscuity. Behavioural Processes.
Jennions, M. D., et al. (2012). Meta-analysis and sexual selection: Past studies and future possibilities. Evolutionary Ecology, 26, 1119–1151.
Jones, A. G., & Ratterman, N. L. (2009). Mate choice and sexual selection: What have we learned since Darwin? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 106, 10001–10008.
Kentner, A. C., et al. (2010). Modeling dad: Animal models of paternal behavior. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34(3), 438–451.
Kokko, H., et al. (2006). Unifying and testing models of sexual selection. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 37, 43–66.
Lewis, S. M., et al. (2014). Emerging issues in the evolution of animal nuptial gifts. Biology Letters, 10, 20140336.
Li, N. P., & Kenrick, D. T. (2006). Sex similarities and differences in preferences for short-term mates: What, whether, and why. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 468–489.
McGuigan, K., et al. (2011) Reducing mutation load through sexual selection on males. Evolution, 65, 2816–2829.
Mitchem, D. G., et al. (2014). Estimating the sex-specific effects of genes on facial attractiveness and sexual dimorphism. Behavior Genetics, 44, 270–281.
Morehouse, N. I., et al. (2010). Sex in a material world: Why the study of sexual reproduction and sex-specific traits should become more nutritionally-explicit. Oikos, 119, 766–778.
Neff, B. D., & Pitcher, T. E. (2005). Genetic quality and sexual selection: An integrated framework for good genes and compatible genes. Molecular Ecology, 14, 19–38.
Roff, D. A. (2008). Defining fitness in evolutionary models. Journal of Genetics, 87, 339–348.
Salmon, C. (2012). The pop culture of sex: An evolutionary window on the worlds of pornography and romance. Review of General Psychology, 16(2), 152–160.
Schwarz, S., & Hassebrauck, M. (2012). Sex and age differences in mate-selection preferences. Human Nature, 23, 447–466.
Slatyer, R. A., et al. (2012). Estimating genetic benefits of polyandry from experimental studies: A meta-analysis. Biological Reviews, 87, 1–33.
Slatyer, R. A., et al. (2012). Polyandry occurs because females initially trade sex for protection. Animal Behaviour, 83, 1203–1206.
Stanyon, R., & Bigoni, F. (2014). Sexual selection and the evolution of behavior, morphology, neuroanatomy, and genes in humans and other primates. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 46, 579–590.
Stewart-Williams, S., & Thomas, A. G. (2013). The ape that thought it was a peacock: Does evolutionary psychology exaggerate human sex differences? Psychological Inquiry, 24, 137–168.
Tobias, J. A., et al. (2012). The evolution of female ornaments and weapons: Social selection, sexual selection, and ecological competition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 367, 2274–2293.
Todd, P. M., et al. (2012). Simple heuristics for mate choice decisions. In J. I. Krueger (Ed.), Social judgment and decision making (pp. 193–208). New York: Psychology Press.
Verweij, K. J. H., et al. (2014). The association of genotype-based inbreeding coefficient with a range of physical and psychological human traits, PLOS ONE, 9, e103102.
Verweij, K. J. H., et al. (2014). Testing the prediction from sexual selection of a positive genetic correlation between human mate preferences and corresponding traits. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 497–501.
Watson, D., et al. (2014). The role of active assortment in spousal similarity. Journal of Personality, 82, 116–129.
Whitlock, M. C., & Agrawal, A. F. (2009). Purging the genome with sexual selection: Reducing mutation load through selection on males. Evolution, 63, 569–582.
Zietsch, B. P., et al. (2011). Variation in human mate choice: Simultaneously investigating heritability, parental influence, sexual imprinting, and assortative mating. American Naturalist, 177, 605–616.
Zietsch, B. P., et al. (2012). Heritability of preferences for multiple cues of mate quality in humans. Evolution, 66, 1762–1772.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. F. (1997). Mate choice: From sexual cues to cognitive adaptations. In G. Cardew (Ed.), Characterizing human psychological adaptations (pp. 71–87). New York: John Wiley.
Miller, G. F. (2000). The mating mind: How sexual choice shaped the evolution of human nature. New York: Doubleday.
Miller, G. F. (2012) Sex, mutations, and marketing. EMBO Reports, 13(10), 880–884.
Miller, G. F., & Todd, P. M. (1998). Mate choice turns cognitive. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2(5), 190–198.

Chapter 5: Get in Shape (The Physical Health Trait)

Popular Books: General Health

Dunn, R. (2014). The Wild Life of Our Bodies. New York: Harper Perennial.
Durant, J. (2014). The Paleo Manifesto. New York: Harmony.
Ferriss, T. (2010). The 4-Hour Body. New York: Harmony.
Kurzweil, R., & Grossman, T. (2010). Transcend: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.
Romaniello, J., et al. (2013). Man 2.0 Engineering the Alpha. New York: HarperOne.

Popular Books: Sleep

Cartwright, R. D. (2012). The Twenty-four Hour Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dement, W. C. (2000). TThe Promise of Sleep. New York: Dell.
Duff, K. (2014). The Secret Life of Sleep. New York: Atria Books.
Lockley, S. W., & Foster, R. G. (2012). Sleep: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Stevenson, S. (2014). Sleep Smarter. Kolkata, India: Model House Publishing.

Popular Books: Nutrition and Diet

Asprey, D. (2014). The Bulletproof Diet. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.
Ferriss, T. (2012). The 4-Hour Chef. Boston: New Harvest.
Jaminet, P., & Jaminet, S.-C. (2012). Perfect Health Diet. New York: Scribner.
Mosley, M., & Spencer, M. (2015). The FastDiet. New York: Atria Books.
Perlmutter, D. (2013). Grain Brain. New York: Little, Brown.
Pollan, M. (2009). In Defense of Food: An Eater’s Manifesto . New York: Penguin.
Sanfilippo, D., et al. (2012). Practical Paleo. Auberry, CA: Victory Belt Publishing.
Shanahan, C., & Shanahan, L. (2009). Deep Nutrition. Big Box Books.
Sisson, M. (2013). The Primal Blueprint. New York: Primal Nutrition.
Walker, D. (2013). Against All Grain. Auberry, CA: Victory Belt Publishing.
Wansink, B. (2007). Mindless Eating. New York: Bantam.
Wolf, R. (2010). The Paleo Solution. Auberry, CA: Victory Belt Publishing.
Wrangham, R. (2010). Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human. New York: Basic Books.

Popular Books: Exercise

Bryant, J., & benShea, A. (2013). Jailhouse Strong. CreateSpace.
Divine, M. (2014). 8 Weeks to SEALFIT. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.
Epstein, D. (2014). The Sports Gene. Rancho Santa Margarita, CA: Current Publishing.
Greenfield, B. (2014). Beyond Training: Mastering Endurance, Health & Life. Auberry, CA: Victory Belt Publishing.
Herz, J. C. (2014). Learning to Breathe Fire: The Rise of CrossFit and the Primal Future of Fitness. New York: Crown Archetype.
McDougall, C. (2011). Born to Run. New York: Random House.
Rippetoe, M. (2013). Starting Strength: Basic barbell training (3rd Ed.). Wichita Falls, TX: Aasgard.
Starrett, K. (2013). Becoming a Supple Leopard. Auberry, CA: Victory Belt Publishing.
Starrett, K. (2014). Ready To Run. Auberry, CA: Victory Belt Publishing.

Academic Books

Bribiescas, R. G. (2006). Men: Evolutionary and Life History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
De Grey, A., & Rae, M. (2008). Ending Aging. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.
Gillette, M. U. (Ed.). (2013). Chronobiology: Biological Timing in Health and Disease. Oxford, UK: Elsevier.
Gluckman, P., et al. (2009). Principles of Evolutionary Medicine. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kelly, R. L. (2013). The Lifeways of Hunter-Gatherers: The Foraging Spectrum. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lieberman, D. (2014). The Story of the Human Body: Evolution, Health, and Disease. New York: Vintage.
Savalescu, J., & Bostrom, N. (Eds.). (2011). Human Enhancement. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Academic Papers and Essays

Agthe, M., et al. (2013). When romance and rivalry awaken: Attractiveness-based social judgment biases emerge at adolescence. Human Nature, 24, 182–195.
Alcock, J., et al. (2014). Is eating behavior manipulated by gastrointestinal microbiota? Evolutionary pressures and potential mechanisms. Bioessays, 36, 940–949.
Apicella, C. K. (2014). Upper-body strength predicts hunting reputation and reproductive success in Hadza hunter-gatherers. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 508–518.
Baglioni, C., et al. (2010). Sleep and emotions: A focus on insomnia. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 14, 227–238.
Barske, J., et al. (2011). Female choice for male motor skills. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 278, 3523–3528.
Bauman, A. E., et al. (2012). Correlates of physical activity: Why are some people physically active and others not? Lancet, 380, 258–271.
Beccuti, G., & Pannain, S. (2011). Sleep and obesity. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 14, 402–412.
Berbesque, J. C., & Marlowe, F. W. (2009). Sex differences in food preferences of Hadza hunter-gatherers. Evolutionary Psychology, 7, 601–616.
Brewer, G., & Howarth, S. (2012). Sport, attractiveness, and aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 53(5), 640–643.
Boers, I., et al. (2014). Favourable effects of consuming a Paleolithic-type diet on characteristics of the metabolic syndrome: A randomized controlled pilot-study. Lipids in Health and Disease, 13, e160.
Booth, F. W., et al. (2012). Lack of exercise is a major cause of chronic diseases. Comprehensive Physiology, 2, 1143–1211.
Carr, D. B., et al. (2013). Bigger is not always better: The effect of obesity on sexual satisfaction and behavior of adult men in the United States. Men and Masculinities, 16, 452–477.
Chang, A.-M., et al. (2015). Evening use of light-emitting eReaders negatively affects sleep, circadian timing, and next-morning alertness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 112, 1232–1237.
Chapman, C. D., et al. (2012). Lifestyle determinants of the drive to eat: A meta-analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96, 492–497.
Chaput, J.-P., et al. (2012). Longer sleep duration associates with lower adiposity gain in adult short sleepers. International Journal of Obesity, 36, 752–756.
Chowdhury, R., et al. (2014). Association of dietary, circulating, and supplement fatty acids with coronary risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine, 160, 398–407.
Clemente, J. C., et al. (2012). The impact of the gut microbiota on human health: An integrative view. Cell, 149, 1258–1270.
Coetzee, V., et al. (2009). Facial adiposity: A cue to health? Perception, 38, 1700–1711.
Corona, G., et al. (2011). Testosterone and metabolic syndrome: A meta-analysis study. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 8, 272–283.
Crossley, K. L., et al. (2012). What is an attractive body? Using an interactive 3D program to create the ideal body for you and your partner. PLOS ONE, 7, e50601.
Curtis, V. (2011). Why disgust matters. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 366, 3478–3490.
David, L. A., et al. (2014). Diet rapidly and reproducibly alters the human gut microbiome. Nature, 505, 559–563.
Deaner, R. O., & Smith, B. A. (2013). Sex differences in sports across 50 societies. Cross-Cultural Research, 47(3), 268–309.
Diekelmann, S., & Born, J. (2010). The memory function of sleep. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 11, 114–126.
Di Luigi, L., et al. (2012). Andrological aspects of physical exercise and sport medicine. Endocrine, 42, 278–284.
Dixson, B. J., et al. (2014). Eye-tracking women’s preferences for men’s somatotypes. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 73–79.
Faurie, C., et al. (2004). Student athletes claim to have more sexual partners than other students. Evolution and Human Behavior, 25(1), 1–8.
Fonken, L. K., & Nelson, R. J. (2014). The effects of light at night on circadian clocks and metabolism. Endocrine Reviews, 35, 648–670.
Frederick, D. A., & Haselton, M. G. (2007). Why is muscularity sexy? Tests of the fitness-indicator hypothesis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 1167–1183.
Gallup, G. G., et al. (2014). Do orgasms give women feedback about mate choice? Evolutionary Psychology, 21, 958–978.
Garatachea, N., et al. (2014). Elite athletes live longer than the general population: A meta-analysis. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 89, 1195–1200.
Garber, C. E., et al. (2011). Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: Guidance for prescribing exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43, 1334–1359.
Gibala, M. J., et al. (2012). Physiological adaptations to low-volume, high-intensity interval training in health and disease. Journal of Physiology (London), 590, 1077–1084.
Gist, N. H., et al. (2014). Sprint interval training effects on aerobic capacity: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 44, 269–279.
Gradisar, M., et al. (2013). The sleep and technology use of Americans: Findings from the National Sleep Foundation’s 2011 Sleep in America Poll. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 9, 1291–1299.
Hanna, J. L. (2010). Dance and sexuality: Many moves. Journal of Sex Research, 47, 212–241.
Haus, E. L., et al. (2013). Shift work and cancer risk: Potential mechanistic roles of circadian disruption, light at night, and sleep deprivation. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 17, 273–284.
Heinrich, K. M., et al. (2014). High-intensity compared to moderate-intensity training for exercise initiation, enjoyment, adherence, and intentions: An intervention study. BMC Public Health, 14, e789.
Herbenick, D., et al. (2014). Erect penile length and circumference dimensions of 1,661 sexually active men in the United States. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 11, 93–101.
Ho, S. S., et al. (2012). The effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, resistance, or combination exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in the overweight and obese in a randomized trial. BMC Public Health, 12, e704.
Hsiao, W., et al. (2012). Exercise is associated with better erectile function in men under 40 as evaluated by the International Index of Erectile Function. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9, 524–530.
Hufschmidt, C., et al. (2015). Physical strength and gender identification from dance movements. Personality and Individual Differences, 76, 13–17.
Hugill, N., et al. (2010). The role of human body movements in mate selection. Evolutionary Psychology, 8(1), 66–89.
Huttenhower, C., et al. (2012). Structure, function, and diversity of the healthy human microbiome. Nature, 486, 207–214.
Jackson, G., et al. (2010). Erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease prediction: Evidence-based guidance and consensus. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 64, 848–857.
Jokela, M. (2009). Physical attractiveness and reproductive success in humans: Evidence from the late 20th century United States. Evolution and Human Behavior, 30, 342–350.
Katz, G. (2011). Jet lag and psychotic disorders. Current Psychiatry Reports, 13, 187–192.
King, R., & Belsky, J. (2012). A typological approach to testing the evolutionary functions of human female orgasm. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 1145–1160.
Kokkinos, P., et al. (2010). Exercise capacity and mortality in older men: A 20-year follow-up study. Circulation, 122, 790–797.
Konner, M., & Eaton, S. B. (2010). Paleolithic nutrition twenty-five years later. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 25, 594–602.
Kuipers, R. S., et al. (2012). A multidisciplinary reconstruction of Paleolithic nutrition that holds promise for the prevention and treatment of diseases of civilization. Nutrition Research Reviews, 25, 96–129.
Lassek, W. D., & Gaulin, S. J. C. (2009). Costs and benefits of fat-free muscle mass in men: Relationship to mating success, dietary requirements, and native immunity. Evolution and Human Behavior, 30, 322–328.
LeGates, T. A., et al. (2014). Light as a central modulator of circadian rhythms, sleep, and affect. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 15, 443–454.
Leger, D., et al. (2012). Total sleep time severely drops during adolescence. PLOS ONE, 7, e45204.
Lemay, E. P., et al. (2010). What is beautiful is good because what is beautiful is desired: Physical attractiveness stereotyping as projection of interpersonal goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 339–353.
Lemola, S., et al. (2015). Adolescents’ electronic media use at night, sleep disturbance, and depressive symptoms in the smartphone age. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44, 405–418.
Levine, G. N., et al. (2012). Sexual activity and cardiovascular disease: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 125, 1058–1072.
Lieberman, D. L., et al. (2012). Disgust sensitivity, obesity stigma, and gender: Contamination psychology predicts weight bias for women, not men. Obesity, 20, 1803–1814.
Llaurens, V., et al. (2009). Ritual fights and male reproductive success in a human population. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 22(9), 1854–1859.
Lombardo, M. P. (2012). On the evolution of sport. Evolutionary Psychology, 10(1), 1–28.
Lorenzo, G. K., et al. (2010). What is beautiful is good and more accurately understood: Physical attractiveness and accuracy in first impressions of personality. Psychological Science, 21, 1777–1782.
Malik, V. S., et al. (2013). Sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain in children and adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 98, 1084–1102.
Marlowe, F. W., et al. (2014). Honey, Hadza, hunter-gatherers, and human evolution. Journal of Human Evolution, 71, 119–128.
Mata, J., et al. (2010). When weight management lasts: Lower perceived rule complexity increases adherence. Appetite, 54, 37–43.
McCarty, K., et al. (2013). Male body movements as possible cues to physical strength: A biomechanical analysis. American Journal of Human Biology, 25(3), 307–312.
McCoy, J. G., & Strecker, R. E. (2011). The cognitive cost of sleep lost. Neurobiology and Learning and Memory, 96, 564–582.
Meldrum, D. R., et al. (2012). Lifestyle and metabolic approaches to maximizing erectile and vascular health. International Journal of Impotence Research, 24, 61–68.
Mullington, J. M., et al. (2009). Cardiovascular, inflammatory, and metabolic consequences of sleep deprivation. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 51, 294–302.
O’Keefe, J. H., et al. (2012). Potential adverse cardiovascular effects from excessive endurance exercise. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 87, 587–595.
Parent, M. C. (2013). Clinical considerations in etiology, assessment, and treatment of men’s muscularity-focused body image disturbance. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 14, 88–100.
Petrovsky, N., et al. (2014). Sleep deprivation disrupts prepulse inhibition and induces psychosis-like symptoms in healthy humans. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 9134–9140.
Puts, D. A., et al. (2012). Men’s masculinity and attractiveness predict their female partners’ reported orgasm frequency and timing. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 1–9.
Puts, D. A., et al. (2012). Why women have orgasms: An evolutionary analysis. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 1127–1143.
Roenneberg, T., et al. (2012). Social jetlag and obesity. Current Biology, 22, 939–943.
Rozin, P., & Todd, P. M. (in press). The evolutionary psychology of food intake and food choice. In D. M. Buss (Ed.), The handbook of evolutionary psychology (2nd Ed.). New York: Wiley.
Salonia, A., et al. (2012). Is erectile dysfunction a reliable proxy of general male health status? The care for the International Index of Erectile Function—Erectile Function Domain. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9, 2708–2715.
Schmidt, M. H. (2014). The energy allocation function of sleep: A unifying theory of sleep, torpor, and continuous wakefulness. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 47, 122–153.
Schoenfeld, B. J. (2010). The mechanisms of muscle hypertrophy and their application to resistance training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning, 24, 2857–2872.
Schulte-Hostedde, A., et al. (2008). Female mate choice is influenced by male sport participation. Evolutionary Psychology, 6(1), 113–124.
Schulte-Hostedde, A. I., et al. (2012). Sport participation influences perceptions of mate characteristics. Evolutionary Psychology, 10(1), 78–94.
Siegel, J. M. (2009). Sleep viewed as a state of adaptive inactivity. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10, 747–753.
Smith, M. M., et al. (2013). CrossFit-based high-intensity power training improves maximal aerobic fitness and body composition. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27, 3159–3172.
Straif, K., and the WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer. (2007). Carcinogenicity of shift-work, painting, and fire-fighting. Lancet Oncology, 8, 1065–1066.
Strasser, B., et al. (2010). Resistance training in the treatment of the metabolic syndromes. Sports Medicine, 40, 397–415.
Swami, V., et al. (2014). Sexuality and the drive for muscularity: Evidence of associations among British men. Body Image, 11, 543–546.
Swithers, S. E. (2013). Artificial sweeteners produce the counterintuitive effect of inducing metabolic derangements. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism, 24, 431–441.
Te Morenga, L., & Mann, J. (2012). The role of high-protein diets in body weight management and health. British Journal of Nutrition, 108, S130–S138.
Tybur, J. M., & Gangestad, S. W. (2011). Mate preferences and infectious disease: Theoretical considerations and evidence in humans. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 366, 3375–3388.
Tybur, J. M., & O’Brien, D. (2014). The behavioral immune system: Taking stock and charting new directions. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 8, 223–225.
Uehli, K., et al. (2014). Sleep problems and work injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 18, 61–73.
Vaamonde, D., et al. (2012). Physically active men show better semen parameters and hormone values than sedentary men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112, 3267–3273.
Van der Lely, S., et al. (2015). Blue blocker glasses as a countermeasure for alerting effects of evening light-emitting diode screen exposure in male teenagers. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56, 113–119.
Verweij, K. J. H., et al. (2012). Evidence for genetic variation in human mate preferences for sexually dimorphic physical traits. PLOS ONE, 7, e49294.
West, K. E., et al. (2011). Blue light from light-emitting diodes elicits a dose-dependent suppression of melatonin in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 110, 619–626.
Westcott, W. L. (2012). Resistance training is medicine: Effects of strength training on health. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 11, 209–216.
Weston, K. S., et al. (2014). Effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training (HIT) on fitness in adults: A meta-analysis of controlled and non-controlled trials. Sports Medicine, 44, 1005–1017.
Whitehead, R. D., et al. (2012). Attractive skin coloration: Harnessing sexual selection to improve diet and health. Evolutionary Psychology, 10, 842–854.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. F. (2000). Bodies of evidence. In G. F. Miller, The mating mind: How sexual choice shaped the evolution of human nature (pp. 224–257). New York: Doubleday.

Chapter 6: Get Happy (the Mental Health Trait)

Popular Books: General Mental Health and Happiness

Achor, S. (2010). The Happiness Advantage. New York: Crown Business.
Bateson, P., & Martin, P. (2013). Play, Playfulness, Creativity and Innovation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brown, S., & Vaughan, C. (2010). Play: How it Shapes the Brain, Opens the Imagination, and Invigorates the Soul. New York: Penguin.
Burghardt, G. M. (2006). The Genesis of Animal Play: Testing the Limits . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Chodron, P. (2013). How to Meditate. Louisville, CO: Sounds True.
Gilbert, P. (2014). Mindful Compassion. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.
Haidt, J. (2006). The Happiness Hypothesis. New York: Basic Books.
Harris, S. (2014). Waking Up: A Guide to Spirituality Without Religion. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Hoehn, C. (2014). Play It Away: A Workaholic’s Cure for Anxiety. Charliehoehn.com.
Hurley, M. H., et al. (2013). Inside Jokes: Using Humor to Reverse-Engineer the Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Irvine, W. B. (2008). A Guide to the Good Life: The Ancient Art of Stoic Joy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2005). Wherever You Go, There You Are. Boston: Hachette Books.
Kaplan, S. (2013). Hidden Tools of Comedy. Studio City, CA: Michael Wiese Productions.
Lyobomirsky, S. (2014). The Myths of Happiness. New York: Penguin.
McGraw, P., & Warner, J. (2014). The Humor Code. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Perry, P. (2012). How to stay sane. New York: Picador.
Sacks, M. (2014). Poking a dead frog: Conversations with today’s top comedy writers. New York: Penguin.
Salzberg, S. (2010). Real happiness: The power of meditation. New York: Workman Publishing.
Seligman, M. E. P. (2012). Flourish. New York: Atria Books.
Walsh, M., et al. (2013). Upright Citizens Brigade comedy improvisation manual. New York: Comedy Council of Nicea.
Williams, M., et al. (2012). Mindfulness. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.
Yalom, I. D. (2012). Love’s executioner, and other tales of psychotherapy (2nd Ed.). New York: Basic Books.
Popular Books: Specific Mental Illnesses and Issues
Attwood, T. (2008). The complete guide to Asperger’s syndrome. Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Baron-Cohen, S. (2003). The essential difference: Men, women and the extreme male brain. London: Allen Lane.
Frith, C., & Johnstone, E. (2003). Schizophrenia: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gilbert, P. (2009). Overcoming depression. New York: Basic Books.
Kahn, J. P. (2012). Angst: Origins of anxiety and depression. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Miklowitz, D. J. (2010). The bipolar disorder survival guide (2nd Ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Robison, J. E. (2008). Look me in the eye: My life with Asperger’s. New York: Three Rivers Press.
Rottenberg, J. (2014). The depths: The evolutionary origins of the depression epidemic. New York: Basic Books.
Torrey, E. F. (2013). Surviving schizophrenia (6th ed.). New York: Harper Perennial.

Academic Papers and Essays

Andrews, P. W., & Thomson, J. A. (2009). The bright side of being blue: Depression as an adaptation for analyzing complex problems. Psychological Review, 116, 620–654.
Archontaki, D., et al. (2013). Genetic influences on psychological well-being: A nationally representative twin study. Journal of Personality, 81, 221–230.
Atlantis, E., & Sullivan, T. (2012). Bidirectional association between depression and sexual dysfunction: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9, 1497–1507.
Behncke, I. (2015). Play in the Peter Pan ape. Current Biology, 25, R24–R27.
Bolier, L., et al. (2013). Positive psychology interventions: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. BMC Public Health, 13, e119.
Bressler, E., et al. (2006). Production and appreciation of humor as sexually selected traits. Evolution and Human Behavior, 27, 121–130.
Byers, E. S., & Nichols, S. (2014). Sexual satisfaction of high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder. Sexuality and Disability, 32, 365–382.
Capaldi, C. A., et al. (2014). The relationship between nature connectedness and happiness: A meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, e976.
Cosgrove, V. E., et al. (2011). Structure and etiology of co-occurring internalizing and externalizing disorders in adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 109–123.
Cowan, M. L., & Little, A. C. (2013). The effects of relationship context and modality on ratings of funniness. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 496–500.
Crespi, B., & Badcock, C. (2008). Psychosis and autism as diametrical disorders of the social brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 31, 241–261.
Dash, S., et al. (2015). The gut microbiome and diet in psychiatry: Focus on depression. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 28, 1–6.
Del Giudice, M. (2010). Reduced fertility in patients’ families is consistent with the sexual selection model of schizophrenia and schizotypy. PLOS One, 5, e16040.
Del Giudice, M., et al. (2014). Autistic-like and schizotypal traits in a life history perspective: Diametrical associations with impulsivity, sensation seeking, and sociosexual behavior. Evolution & Human Behavior, 35, 415–424.
Delle Fave, A., et al. (2011). The eudaimonic and hedonic components of happiness: Qualitative and quantitative findings. Social Indicators Research, 100, 185–207.
DeYoung, C. G., et al. (2012). From madness to genius: The Openness/Intellect trait domain as a paradoxical simplex. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 63–78.
Forgas, J. P. (2013). Don’t worry, be sad! On the cognitive, motivational, and interpersonal benefits of negative mood. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2, 225–232.
Garland, E. L., et al. (2015). Mindfulness training promotes upward spirals of positive affect and cognition: Multilevel and autoregressive latent trajectory modeling analyses. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, e15.
Gervais, M., & Wilson, D. S. (2005). The evolution and functions of laughter and humor: A synthetic approach. Quarterly Review of Biology, 80, 395–430.
Gómez, J. (2008). The evolution of pretence: From intentional availability to intentional non-existence. Mind & Language, 23(5), 586–606.
Gurven, M., et al. (2014). The evolutionary fitness of personality traits in a small-scale subsistence society. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 17–25.
Hagen, E. H. (2011). Evolutionary theories of depression: A critical review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 56, 716–726.
Hedman, E., et al. (2012). Cognitive behavior therapy via the Internet: A systematic review of applications, clinical efficacy, and cost-effectiveness. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research, 12, 745–764.
Herpertz, S. C., & Bertsch, K. (2014). The social-cognitive basis of personality disorders. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 27, 73–77.
Hidaka, B. H. (2012). Depression as a disease of modernity: Explanations for increasing prevalence. Journal of Affective Disorders, 140, 205–214.
Hoelzel, B. K., et al. (2011). How does mindfulness meditation work? Proposing mechanisms of action from a conceptual and neural perspective. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 537–559.
Howrigan, D. P., & MacDonald, K. B. (2008). Humor as a mental fitness indicator. Evolutionary Psychology, 6(4), 652–666.
Jokela, M. (2014). Life-course fertility patterns associated with childhood externalizing and internalizing behaviors. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 23, 1201–1210.
Jokela, M., et al. (2011). Reproductive behavior and personality traits of the Five Factor Model. European Journal of Personality, 25, 487–500.
Kaumpfer, S., & Mutz, M. (2013). On the sunny side of life: Sunshine effects on life satisfaction. Social Indicators Research, 110, 579–595.
Kim, Y. S., et al. (2012). Relationship between physical activity and general mental health. Preventative Medicine, 55, 458–463.
Kisely, S., et al. (2015). A systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between poor oral health and severe mental illness. Psychosomatic Medicine, 77, 83–92.
Krueger, R. F., & Markon, K. E. (2006). Understanding psychopathology: Melding behavior genetics, personality, and quantitative psychology to develop an empirically based model. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 113–117.
Kuhle, B. X. (2012). It’s funny because it’s true (because it evokes our evolved psychology). Review of General Psychology, 16, 177–186.
Levinson, D. B., et al. (2014). A mind you can count on: Validating breath counting as a behavioral measure of mindfulness. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, e1202.
Li, N. P., et al. (2009). An evolutionary perspective on humor: Sexual selection or interest indication? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 923–936.
Luhmann, M., et al. (2012). Subjective well-being and adaptation to life events: A meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 592–615.
Masi, C. M., et al. (2011). A meta-analysis of interventions to reduce loneliness. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 15, 219–266.
Mattson, M. P. (2012). Energy intake and exercise as determinants of brain health and vulnerability to injury and disease. Cell Metabolism, 16, 706–722.
Mayer, E. A., et al. (2014). Gut microbes and the brain: Paradigm shift in neuroscience. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 15490–15496.
McCrae, R. R. (1996). Social consequences of experiential openness. Psychological Bulletin, 120, 323–337.
McGee, E., & Shevlin, M. (2009). Effect of humor on interpersonal attraction and mate selection. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 143, 67–77.
Mehu, M., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2008). Naturalistic observations of smiling and laughter in human group interaction. Behaviour, 145, 1747–1780.
Montgomery, S. H. (2014). The relationship between play, brain growth, and behavioural flexibility in primates. Animal Behaviour, 90, 281–286.
Morgan, C. J. A., et al. (2013). Harms and benefits associated with psychoactive drugs: Findings of an international survey of active drug users. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 27, 497–506.
Nesse, R. M., & Ellsworth, P. C. (2009). Evolution, emotions, and emotional disorders. American Psychologist, 64, 129–139.
Nettle, D., & Bateson, M. (2012). The evolutionary origins of mood and its disorders. Current Biology, 22(17), R712–R721.
Ostman, M. (2014). Low satisfaction with sex life among people with severe mental illness living in a community. Psychiatry Research, 216, 340–345.
Pail, G., et al. (2011). Bright-light therapy in the treatment of mood disorders. Neuropsychobiology, 64, 152–162.
Papies, E. K., et al. (2015). The benefits of simply observing: Mindful attention modulates the link between motivation and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108, 148–170.
Paul, K. I., & Moser, K. (2009). Unemployment impairs mental health: Meta-analyses. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 74, 264–282.
Power, R. A., et al. (2013). Fecundity of patients with schizophrenia, autism, bipolar disorder, depression, anorexia nervosa, or substance abuse vs. their unaffected siblings. JAMA Psychiatry, 70, 22–30.
Ramchandani, P., & Psychogiou, L. (2009). Paternal psychiatric disorders and children’s psychosocial development. Lancet, 374, 646–653.
Rhodes, R. E., et al. (2012). Adult sedentary behavior: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 42, E3–E28.
Ronald, A., & Hoekstra, R. A. (2011). Autism spectrum disorders and autistic traits: A decade of new twin studies. American Journal of Medical Genetics B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics, 156B, 255–274.
Ronningstam, E. (2010). Narcissistic personality disorder: A current review. Current Psychiatry Reports, 12(1), 68–75.
Rosen, L. D., et al. (2013). Is Facebook creating “iDisorders”? The link between clinical symptoms of psychiatric disorders and technology use, attitudes and anxiety. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1243–1254.
Schomerus, G., et al. (2012). Evolution of public attitudes about mental illness: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 125, 440–452.
Selhub, E. M., et al. (2014). Fermented foods, microbiota, and mental health: Ancient practice meets nutritional psychiatry. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 33, e2.
Skirbekk, V., & Blekesaune, M. (2014). Personality traits increasingly important for male fertility: Evidence from Norway. European Journal of Personality, 28, 521–529.
Stewart, A. E., et al. (2014). Possible contributions of skin pigmentation and vitamin D in a polyfactorial model of seasonal affective disorder. Medical Hypotheses, 83, 517–525.
Stillman, T. F., et al. (2011). Meaning as magnetic force: Evidence that meaning in life promotes interpersonal appeal. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 13–20.
Tew, J., et al. (2012). Social factors and recovery from mental health difficulties: A review of the evidence. British Journal of Social Work, 42, 443–460.
Thoits, P. A. (2011). Mechanisms linking social ties and support to physical and mental health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 52, 145–161.
Treger, S., et al. (2013). Laughing and liking: Exploring the interpersonal effects of humor use in initial social interactions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 43, 532–543.
Turner, D. T., et al. (2014). Psychological interventions for psychosis: A meta-analysis of comparative outcome studies. American Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 523–538.
Weiss, A., et al. (2002). Subjective well-being is heritable and genetically correlated with dominance in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1141–1149.
Weiss, A., et al. (2009). Emotionally stable, intelligent men live longer: The Vietnam Experience Study Cohort. Psychosomatic Medicine, 71, 385–394.
Wilbur, C. J., & Campbell, L. (2011). Humor in romantic contexts: Do men participate and men evaluate? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 918–929.
Wood, A. M., et al. (2010). Gratitude and well-being: A review and theoretical integration. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 890–905.
Zeigler-Hill, V., et al. (2013). Laughing at the looking glass: Does humor style serve as an interpersonal signal? Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 201–226.

Geoff’s Work

Greengross, G., & Miller, G. F. (2008). Dissing oneself versus dissing rivals: Effects of status, personality, and sex on the short-term and long-term attractiveness of self-deprecating and other-deprecating humor. Evolutionary Psychology, 6(3), 393–408.
Greengross, G., & Miller, G. F. (2009). The Big Five personality traits of professional comedians compared to amateur comedians, comedy writers, and college students. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 79–83.
Greengross, G., & Miller, G. F. (2011). Humor ability reveals intelligence, predicts mating success, and is higher in males. Intelligence, 39, 188–192.
Keller, M., & Miller, G. F. (2006). Resolving the paradox of common, harmful, heritable mental disorders: Which evolutionary genetic models work best? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29, 385–404.
Miller, G. F. (1997). Protean primates: The evolution of adaptive unpredictability in competition and courtship. In A. Whiten & R. W. Byrne (Eds.), Machiavellian intelligence II (pp. 312–340). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Miller, G. F. (2009). Openness. In G. F. Miller, Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior (pp. 207–224). New York: Viking.
Miller, G. F. (2011). The personality/insanity continuum. In J. Brockman (Ed.), This will make you smarter (pp. 232–234). New York: Harper Perennial.
Miller, G. F., & Tal, I. (2007). Schizotypy versus intelligence and openness as predictors of creativity. Schizophrenia Research, 93(1–3), 317–324.
Shaner, A. , et al. (2004). Schizophrenia as one extreme of a sexually selected fitness indicator. Schizophrenia Research, 70(1), 101–109.
Shaner, A., et al. (2007). Mental disorders as catastrophic failures of mating intelligence. In G. Geher & G. Miller (Eds.), Mating intelligence (pp. 193–223). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Shaner, A., et al. (2008). Autism as the low-fitness extreme of a parentally selected fitness indicator. Human Nature, 19, 389–413.

Chapter 7: Smarten Up (the Intelligence Trait)

Popular Books

Brandon, C. (2010). The five-year party: How colleges have given up on educating your child and what you can do about it. Dallas, TX: BenBella Books.
Brockman, J. (Ed.). (2012). This will make you smarter. New York: Harper Perennial.
De Botton, A. (2014). The news: A user’s manual. New York: Pantheon.
Edge, D. (2003). The gatekeepers: Inside the admissions process of a premier college. New York: Penguin.
Ellsberg, M. (2012). The education of millionaires. New York: Portfolio/Penguin.
Gigerenzer, G. (2014). Risk savvy: How to make good decisions. New York: Viking.
Herrnstein, R. J., & Murray, C. (1996). The bell curve. New York: Free Press.
Hirsch, E. E. (2006). The knowledge deficit. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Kahneman, D. (2013). Thinking, fast and slow. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
Karabel, J. (2006). The chosen: The hidden history of admission and exclusion at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton. New York: Mariner Books.
Kenrick, D. T., & Griskevicius, V. (2013). The rational animal. New York: Basic Books.
Markman, A. (2012). Smart thinking. New York: Perigree Books.
Murray, C. (2008). Real education. New York: Crown Forum.
O’Shea, J. (2013). Gap year. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Selingo, J. J. (2013). College unbound. Boston: New Harvest.
Watts, D. (2012). Everything is obvious. New York: Crown Business.

Academic Books

Bok, D. (2013). Higher education in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Deary, I. J. (2001). Intelligence: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Deary, I. J., et al. (2008). A lifetime of intelligence. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Dow, P. E. (2013). Virtuous minds: Intellectual character development. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic.
Gigerenzer, G., & Todd, P. M. (Eds.). (1999). Simple heuristics that make us smart. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hunt, E. (2010). Human intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jensen, A. R. (1998). The g factor: The science of mental ability. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Kaufman, A. S. (2009). IQ testing 101. New York: Springer.
Matthews, G., et al. (2004). Emotional intelligence: Science and myth. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Simonton, D. K. (1999). Origins of genius: Darwinian perspectives on creativity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Simonton, D. K. (2009). Genius 101. New York: Springer.
Spence, A. M. (1974). Market signaling. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sterelny, K. (2012). The evolved apprentice: How evolution made humans unique. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Sternberg, R. J., & Kaufman, S. B. (Eds.). (2011). The Cambridge handbook of intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Suddendorf, T. (2013). The gap: The science of what separates us from other animals. New York: Basic Books.
Thomasello, M. (2014). A natural history of human thinking. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Todd, P. M., & Gigerenzer, G. (Eds.). (2012). Ecological rationality: Intelligence in the world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Academic Papers and Essays

Arden, R., et al. (2010). Neuroimaging creativity: A psychometric view. Behavioral Brain Research, 214, 143–156.
Arden, R., & Plomin, R. (2006). Sex differences in variance in intelligence across childhood. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 39–48.
Baker, C. A., et al. (2014). Eyes and IQ: A meta-analysis of the relationship between intelligence and “Reading the Mind in the Eyes.” Intelligence, 44, 78–92.
Bates, T. C., et al. (2013). Childhood socioeconomic status amplifies genetic effects on adult intelligence. Psychological Science, 24, 2111–2116.
Batty, G. D., et al. (2007). Premorbid (early life) IQ and later mortality risk: Systematic review. Annals of Epidemiology, 17, 278–288.
Boogert, N. J., et al. (2011). Mate choice for cognitive traits: A review of the evidence in nonhuman vertebrates. Behavioral Ecology, 22, 447–459.
Borkenau, P., et al. (2004). Thin slices of behavior as cues of personality and intelligence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 599–614.
Branigan, A. R., et al. (2013). Variation in the heritability of educational attainment: An international meta-analysis. Social Forces, 92, 109–140.
Brant, A. M., et al. (2013). The nature and nurture of high IQ: An extended sensitive period for intellectual development. Psychological Science, 24, 1487–1495.
Burhan, N. A. S., et al. (2014). Crimes and the bell curve: The role of people with high, average, and low intelligence. Intelligence, 47, 12–22.
Caplan, B., & Miller, S. C. (2010). Intelligence makes people think like economists: Evidence from the General Social Survey. Intelligence, 38, 636–647.
Chamorro-Premuzic, T., & Furnham, A. (2006). Intellectual competence and the intelligent personality: A third way in differential psychology. Review of General Psychology, 10, 251–267.
Chen, B. B., & Chang, L. (2015). Creativity and aggression as ornament and armament: Intersexual and intrasexual selection on men’s mating behaviors. Evolutionary Psychology, 13, 266–282.
Chen, C.-C., et al. (2013). Too smart to be selfish? Measures of cognitive ability, social preferences, and consistency. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 90, 112–122.
Cosmides, L., et al. (2010). Adaptive specializations, social exchange, and the evolution of human intelligence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 107, 9007–9014.
Curcio, G., et al. (2006). Sleep loss, learning capacity, and academic performance. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 10, 323–337.
Davies, G., et al. (2011). Genome-wide association studies establish that human intelligence is highly heritable and polygenic. Molecular Psychiatry, 16, 996–1005.
Deary, I. J., et al. (2010). Intelligence and personality as predictors of illness and death: How researchers in differential psychology and chronic disease epidemiology are collaborating to understand and address health inequalities. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 11, 53–79.
Dewald, J. F., et al. (2010). The influence of sleep quality, sleep duration, and sleepiness on school performance in children and adolescents: A meta-analytic review. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 14, 179–189.
Gangestad, S. W., et al. (2010). Men’s facial masculinity predicts changes in their female partner’s sexual interests across the ovulatory cycle, whereas men’s intelligence does not. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 412–424.
Gottfredson, L. S. (1997). Why g matters: The complexity of everyday life. Intelligence, 24, 79–132.
Gottfredson, L. S. (2003). Dissecting practical intelligence theory: Its claims and evidence. Intelligence, 31, 343–397.
Gottfredson, L. S. (2007). Innovation, fatal accidents, and the evolution of general intelligence. In M. J. Roberts (Ed.), Integrating the mind (pp. 387–425). New York: Psychology Press.
Gomez-Pinilla, F. (2008). Brain foods: The effects of nutrients on brain function. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9, 568–578.
Gomez-Pinilla, F., & Hillman, C. (2013). The influence of exercise on cognitive abilities. Comprehensive Physiology, 3, 403–428.
Huepe, D., et al. (2011). Fluid intelligence and psychosocial outcome: From logical problem solving to social adaptation. PLOS ONE, 6, e24858.
Johnson, W., et al. (2010). The pivotal role of education in the association between ability and social class attainment: A look across three generations. Intelligence, 38, 55–65.
Kanazawa, S. (2000). Scientific discoveries as cultural displays: A further test of Miller’s courtship model. Evolution and Human Behavior, 21, 317–321.
Kaufman, S., et al. (2011). General intelligence predicts reasoning ability for evolutionarily familiar content. Intelligence, 39, 311–322.
Keller, M. C., et al. (2013). The genetic correlation between height and IQ: Shared genes or assortative mating? PLOS Genetics, 9, e1003451.
Klasios, J. (2013). Cognitive traits as sexually selected fitness indicators. Review of General Psychology, 17(4), 428–442.
Kleisner, K., et al. (2014). Perceived intelligence is associated with measured intelligence in men but not women. PLOS ONE, 9, e81237.
Koenen, K. C., et al. (2009). Childhood IQ and adult mental disorders: A test of the cognitive reserve hypothesis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 50–57.
Kuncel, N. R., et al. (2004). Academic performance, career potential, creativity, and job performance: Can one construct explain them all? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 148–161.
Lippa, R. A. (2007). The preferred traits of mates in a cross-national study of heterosexual and homosexual men and women: An examination of biological and cultural influences. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36, 193–208.
Lubinski, D. (2004). Introduction to the special section on cognitive abilities: 100 years after Spearmans (1904) “‘General intelligence,’ objectively determined and measured.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 96–111.
McKeown, G. J. (2013). The analogical peacock hypothesis: The sexual selection of mind-reading and relational cognition in human communication. Review of General Psychology, 17, 267–287.
McManus, T. C., & Rao, J. M. (2015). Signaling smarts? Revealed preferences for self and social perceptions of intelligence. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 110, 106–118.
Moore, F. R., et al. (2014). Individual differences in preferences for cues to intelligence in the face. Intelligence, 44, 19–25.
Muller, C., & Schumann, G. (2011). Drugs as instruments: A new framework for non-addictive psychoactive drug use. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34, 293–310.
Murphy, N. A. (2007). Appearing smart: The impression management of intelligence, person perception accuracy, and behavior in social interaction. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 325–339.
Murphy, N. A., & Hall, J. A. (2011). Intelligence and interpersonal sensitivity: A meta-analysis. Intelligence, 39, 54–63.
Nettle, D., & Clegg, H. (2006). Schizotypy, creativity and mating success in humans. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 273, 611–615.
Pinker, S. (2010). The cognitive niche: Coevolution of intelligence, sociality, and language. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 107, 8993–8999.
Plomin, R., & Deary, I. J. (2015). Genetics and intelligence differences: Five special findings. Molecular Psychiatry, 20, 98–108.
Poropat, A. E. (2009). A meta-analysis of the five-factor model of personality and academic performance. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 322–338.
Prokosch, M., et al. (2009). Intelligence and mate choice: Intelligent men are always appealing. Evolution and Human Behavior, 30, 11–20.
Protzko, J., et al. (2013). How to make a young child smarter: Evidence from the Database of Raising Intelligence. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8, 25–40.
Ramsden, S., et al. (2011). Verbal and non-verbal intelligence changes in the teenage brain. Nature, 479, 113–116.
Reader, S. M., et al. (2011). The evolution of primate general and cultural intelligence. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 366, 1017–1027.
Reynolds, D. J., & Gifford, R. (2001). The sounds and sights of intelligence: A lens model channel analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 187–200.
Richardson, M., et al. (2012). Psychological correlates of university students’ academic performance: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 138, 353–387.
Rindermann, H., & Thompson, J. (2011). Cognitive capitalism: The effect of cognitive ability on wealth, as mediated through scientific achievement and economic freedom. Psychological Science, 22, 754–763.
Robertson, K. F., et al. (2010). Beyond the threshold hypothesis: Even among the gifted and top math/science graduate students, cognitive abilities, vocational interests, and lifestyle preferences matter for career choice, performance, and persistence. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19, 346–351.
Schmidt, F. L., & Hunter, J. (2004). General mental ability in the world of work: Occupational attainment and job performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 162–173.
Shakeshaft, N. G., et al. (2015). Thinking positively: The genetics of high intelligence. Intelligence, 48, 123–132.
Skerry, A. E., et al. (2013). The origins of pedagogy: Developmental and evolutionary perspectives. Evolutionary Psychology, 11(3), 550–572.
Song, L. J., et al. (2010). The differential effects of general mental ability and emotional intelligence on academic performance and social interactions. Intelligence, 38, 137–143.
Syzmanowicz, A., & Furnham, A. (2011). Gender differences in self-estimates of general, mathematical, spatial, and verbal intelligence: Four meta-analyses. Learning and Individual Differences, 21, 493–504.
Van Praag, H. (2009). Exercise and the brain: Something to chew on. Trends in Neurosciences, 32, 283–290.
Verzijden, M. N., et al. (2012). The impact of learning on sexual selection and speciation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 27, 511–519.
Vernon, P. A., et al. (2009). Genetic and environmental correlations between trait emotional intelligence and humor styles. Journal of Individual Differences, 30, 130–137.
von Stumm, S., et al. (2011). The hungry mind: Intellectual curiosity is the third pillar of academic performance. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 574–588.
Walling, S. M., et al. (2012). The relationship of intimate partner aggression to head injury, executive functioning, and intelligence. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 38, 471–485.
Weisfeld, G. E., et al. (2011). Do women seek humorousness in men because it signals intelligence? A cross-cultural test. Humor, 24, 435–462.
Woodley, M. A. (2009). Inbreeding depression and IQ in a study of 72 countries. Intelligence, 37, 268–276.
Woodley, M. A. (2010). Are high-IQ individuals deficient in common sense? A critical examination of the “clever sillies” hypothesis. Intelligence, 38, 471–480.

Geoff’s Work

Arden, R., et al. (2009). Does a fitness factor contribute to the association between intelligence and health outcomes? Evidence from medical abnormality counts among 3,654 US Veterans. Intelligence, 37, 581–591.
Arden, R., et al. (2009). Intelligence and semen quality are positively correlated. Intelligence,. 37, 277–282.
Geher, G., & Miller, G. F. (Eds.). (2008). Mating intelligence. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Haselton, M., & Miller, G. F. (2006). Women’s fertility across the cycle increases the short-term attractiveness of creative intelligence. Human Nature, 17(1), 50–73.
Kaufman, S. B., et al. (2007). The role of creativity and humor in mate selection. In G. Geher & G. Miller (Eds.), Mating intelligence (pp. 227–262). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Miller, G. F. (2000). Sexual selection for indicators of intelligence. In G. R. Bock et al. (Eds.), The nature of intelligence (pp. 260–275). New York: Wiley.
Miller, G. F. (2000). The wit to woo. In G. F. Miller, The mating mind (pp. 392–425). New York: Doubleday.
Miller, G. F. (2009). General intelligence. In G. F. Miller, Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior (pp. 187–206). New York: Viking.
Miller, G. F., & Penke, L. (2007). The evolution of human intelligence and the coefficient of additive genetic variance in human brain size. Intelligence, 35(2), 97–114.
Prokosch, M., et al. (2005). Intelligence tests with higher g-loadings show higher correlations with body symmetry: Evidence for a general fitness factor mediated by developmental stability. Intelligence, 33, 203–213.

Chapter 8: Get Your Life Together (the Willpower Trait)

Popular Books

Allen, D. (2002). Getting things done. New York: Penguin.
Baumeister, R. F., & Tierney, J. (2012). Willpower. New York: Penguin.
Covey, S. R. (2013). The 7 habits of highly effective people. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Duhigg, C. (2014). The power of habit. New York: Random House.
Firestone, R. W., et al. (2002). Conquer your critical inner voice. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.
Gawande, A. (2010). The checklist manifesto. New York: Picador.
Kondo, M. (2014). The life-changing magic of tidying up. New York: Ten Speed Press.
Levitin, D. J. (2014). The organized mind. New York: Dutton.
Markman, A. (2015). Smart change. New York: Perigree Books.
McGonigal, K. (2013). The willpower instinct. New York: Avery Trade.
McKeown, G. (2014). Essentialism: The disciplined pursuit of less. New York: Crown Business.
Mischel, W. (2014). The marshmallow test: Mastering self-control. New York: Little, Brown.
Neff, K. (2011). Self-compassion. New York: William Morrow.
Nettle, D. (2007). Personality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pink, D. H. (2011). Drive. New York: Riverhead Books.
Sax, L. (2009). Boys adrift. New York: Basic Books.

Academic Books

Buss, D. M., & Hawley, P. H. (Eds.). (2011). The evolution of personality and individual differences. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Carere, C., & Maestripieri, D. (Eds.). (2013). Animal personalities: Behavior, physiology, and evolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Matthews, G., et al. (2009). Personality traits (3rd Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ryan, R. M. (Ed.). (2014). The Oxford handbook of human motivation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Vohs, K. D., & Baumeister, R. F. (2011). Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford.
Zuckerman, M. (2007). Sensation seeking and risky behavior. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Academic Papers and Essays

Allen, M. S., & Laborde, S. (2014). The role of personality in sport and physical activity. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 460–465.
Andreassen, C. S. (2014). Workaholism: An overview and current status of the research. Journal of Behavioral Addictions,3, 1–11.
Andreassen, C. S., et al. (2013). The relationships between behavioral addictions and the five-factor model of personality. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 2, 90–99.
Barnes, C. M., et al. (2011). Lack of sleep and unethical conduct. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 115, 169–180.
Baumeister, R. F. (2014). Self-regulation, ego depletion, and inhibition. Neuropsychologia, 65, 313–319.
Beedie, C. J., & Lane, A. M. (2012). The role of glucose in self-control: Another look at the evidence and an alternative conceptualization. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16, 143–153.
Bernerth, J. B., et al. (2012). An empirical investigation of dispositional antecedents and performance-related outcomes of credit scores. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 469–478.
Bevilacqua, L., & Goldman, D. (2013). Genetics of impulsive behavior. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 368, e20120380.
Bushman, B. J., et al. (2014). Low glucose relates to greater aggression in married couples. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 111, 6254–6257.
Buss, D. M. (2009). How can evolutionary psychology successfully explain personality and individual differences? Perspectives in Psychological Science, 4, 359–366.
Buss, D. M., & Shackelford, T. K. (2009). Susceptibility to infidelity in the first year of marriage. Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 193–221.
Centola, D. (2010). The spread of behavior in an online social network experiment. Science, 329, 1194–1197.
Christakis, N. A., & Fowler, J. H. (2007). The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. New England Journal of Medicine, 357, 370–379.
Crescioni, A. W., et al. (2011). High trait self-control predicts positive health behaviors and success in weight loss. Journal of Health Psychology, 16, 750–759.
Cross, C. P., et al. (2011). Sex differences in impulsivity: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 137, 97–130.
Daly, M., & Wilson, M. (2005). Carpe diem: Adaptation and devaluing the future. Quarterly Review of Biology, 80, 55–60.
Del Giudice, M. (2014). Self-regulation in an evolutionary perspective. In G. H. E. Gendolla et al. (Eds.), Handbook of biobehavioral approaches to self-regulation (pp. 25–42). New York: Springer.
De Ridder, D. T. D., et al. (2012). Taking stock of self-control: A meta-analysis of how trait self-control relates to a wide range of behaviors. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16, 76–99.
DeWall, C., et al. (2011). Sweetened blood cools hot tempers: Physiological self-control and aggression. Aggressive Behavior, 37, 73–80.
Diamond, A. (2013). Executive functions. Annual Review of Psychology, 64, 135–168.
Duckworth, A., et al. (2014). Self-control and grit: Related but separable determinants of success. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 319–325.
Filevich, E., et al. (2012). Intentional inhibition in human action: The power of “no.” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 36, 1107–1118.
Friedman, N. P., et al. (2008). Individual differences in executive functions are almost entirely genetic in origin. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 137, 201–225.
Furnham, A. (2009). Sex differences in mate selection preferences. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 262–267.
Gailliot, M. T., & Baumeister, R. F. (2007). Self-regulation and sexual restraint: Dispositionally and temporarily poor self-regulatory abilities contribute to failures at restraining sexual behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 173–186.
Gollwitzer, P. M. (2014). Weakness of the will: Is a quick fix possible? Motivation and Emotion, 38, 305–322.
Hampton, S. E., et al. (2013). Childhood conscientiousness relates to objectively measured adult physical health four decades later. Health Psychology, 32, 925–928.
Harden, K. P. (2014). Genetic influences on adolescent sexual behavior: Why genes matter for environmentally oriented researchers. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 434–465.
Hatzigeorgiadis, A., et al. (2011). Self-talk and sports performance: A meta-analysis. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 348–356.
Hofmann, W., et al. (2012). Executive functions and self-regulation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16, 174–180.
Hope, N., et al. (2014). The role of self-compassion in goal pursuit and well-being among university freshmen. Self and Identity, 13, 579–593.
Inzlicht, M., et al. (2014). Exploring the mechanisms of self-control improvement. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 302–307.
Jokela, M., et al. (2013). Personality and all-cause mortality: Individual-participant meta-analysis of 3,947 deaths in 76,150 adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 178, 667–675.
Kelly, J. F., et al. (2012). Determining the relative importance of the mechanisms of behavior change within Alcoholics Anonymous: A multiple mediator analysis. Addiction, 107, 289–299.
Kross, E., et al. (2014). Self-talk as a regulatory mechanism: How you do it matters. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106, 304–324.
Kurzban, R., et al. (2013). An opportunity cost model of subjective effort and task performance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 661–679.
Lally, P., & Gardner, B. (2013). Promoting habit formation. Health Psychology Review, 7, S137–S153.
Mann, T., et al. (2013). Social psychological approaches to self-regulation: Processes of goal setting and goal striving. Health Psychology, 32, 487–498.
Miyake, A., & Friedman, N. P. (2012). The nature and organization of individual differences in executive functions: Four general conclusions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 8–14.
Munakata, Y., et al. (2011). A unified framework for inhibitory control. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15, 453–459.
Neal, D. T., et al. (2013). How do people adhere to goals when willpower is low? The profits (and pitfalls) of strong habits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 959–975.
Neff, K. D., & Beretvas, S. N. (2013). The role of self-compassion in romantic relationships. Self and Identity, 12, 78–98.
Neff, K. D., & Germer, C. K. (2013). A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the Mindful Self-Compassion Program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69, 28–44.
Neff, K. D., & Vonk, R. (2009). Self-compassion versus global self-esteem: Two different ways of relating to oneself. Journal of Personality, 77, 23–50.
Petersen, L.-E. (2014). Self-compassion and self-protection strategies: The impact of self-compassion on the use of self-handicapping and sandbagging. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 133–138.
Schmitt, D. P. (2004). The Big Five related to risky sexual behavior across 10 world regions: Differential personality associations of sexual promiscuity and relationship infidelity. European Journal of Personality, 18, 301–319.
Schmitt, D. P., et al. (2008). Big Five traits related to short-term mating: From personality to promiscuity across 46 nations. Evolutionary Psychology, 6(2), 246–282.
Schmitt, D. P., et al. (2008). Why can’t a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in Big Five personality traits across 55 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94(1), 168–182.
Schuett, W., et al. (2010). Sexual selection and animal personality. Biological Reviews, 85, 217–246.
Stone, E. A., et al. (2012). Is variability in mate choice similar for intelligence and personality traits? Testing a hypothesis about the evolutionary genetics of personality. Intelligence, 40, 33–37.
Stroebe, W., et al. (2013). Why most dieters fail but some succeed: A goal conflict model of eating behavior. Psychological Review, 120, 110–138.
Tidwell, N. S., & Eastwick, P. W. (2013). Sex differences in succumbing to sexual temptations: A function of impulse or control? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 1620–1633.
Watson, D., et al. (2014). The role of active assortment in spousal similarity. Journal of Personality, 82, 116–129.
Winters, J., et al. (2008). Conscious regulation of sexual arousal in men. Journal of Sex Research, 46, 330–343.
Wood, W., & Neal, D. T. (2007). A new look at habits and the habit-goal interface. Psychological Review, 114, 843–863.
Zell, E., et al. (2012). Splitting of the mind: When the you I talk to is me and needs commands. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 549–555.
Zietsch, B. P., et al. (2010). Genetic and environmental influences on risky sexual behavior and its relationship with personality. Behavior Genetics, 40(1), 12–21.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. F. (2007). Sexual selection for moral virtues. Quarterly Review of Biology, 82(2), 97–125.
Miller, G. F. (2009). Conscientiousness. In G. F. Miller, Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior (pp. 225–239). New York: Viking.
Penke, L., et al. (2007). The evolutionary genetics of personality. European Journal of Personality, 21(5), 549–587.

Chapter 9: The Tender Defender (the Agreeableness and Assertiveness Traits)

Popular Books

De Becker, G. (1999). The gift of fear. New York: Dell.
De Waal, F. (2010). The age of empathy. New York: Broadway Books.
Gonzales, L. (2004). Deep survival: Who lives, who dies, and why. New York: W. W. Norton.
Gottschall, J. (2015). The professor in the cage: Why men fight and why we like to watch. New York: Penguin.
Grossman, D., & Christensen, L. W. (2008). On combat: The psychology and physiology of deadly conflict in war and peace (3rd Ed.). Warrior Science Publications.
Houston, P., et al. (2013). Spy the lie: Former CIA officers teach you how to detect deception. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Kane, L. A., et al. (2009). The little black book of violence: What every young man needs to know about fighting. Wolfeboro, NH: YMAA Publication Center.
LaFrance, M. (2011). Lip service: Smiles in life, death, trust, lies, work, memory, sex, and politics. New York: W. W. Norton.
McConnell, P. B. (2003). The other end of the leash: Why we do what we do around dogs. New York: Ballantine Books.
Miller, R. (2008). Meditations on violence: A comparison of martial arts training and real world violence. Wolfeboro, NH: YMAA Publication Center.
Pinker, S. (2012). The better angels of our nature: Why violence has declined. New York: Penguin.
Plantinga, A. (2014). 400 things cops know: Street-smart lessons from a veteran patrolman. Fresno, CA: Quill Driver Books.
Schaffer, B. (2013). Way of the warrior: The philosophy of law enforcement. CreateSpace.
Sherwood, B. (2010). The survivors club: The secrets and science that could save your life. New York: Grand Central Publishing.
Sommers, C. H. (2013). The war against boys: How misguided policies are harming our young men. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Stout, M. (2005). The sociopath next door. New York: Harmony.

Academic Books

Flesch, W. (2009). Comeuppance: Costly signaling, altruistic punishment, and other biological components of fiction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Gat, A. (2008). War in human civilization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gottschall, J. (2008). The rape of Troy: Evolution, violence, and the world of Homer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hardy, I. C. W., & Briffa, M. (Eds.). (2013). Animal contests. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hausfater, G., & Hrdy, S. B. (2008). Infanticide: Comparative and evolutionary perspectives. Chicago: AldineTransaction.
Shackelford, T. K. (2012). The Oxford handbook of evolutionary perspectives on violence, homicide, and war. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Shackelford, T. K., & Hansen, R. D. (Eds.). (2013). The evolution of violence. New York: Springer.

Academic Papers and Essays

Ahmetoglu, G., & Swami, V. (2012). Do women prefer “nice guys”? The effect of male dominance behavior on women’s ratings of sexual attractiveness. Social Behavior and Personality, 40, 667–672.
Ainsworth, S. E., & Maner, J. K. (2012). Sex begets violence: Mating motives, social dominance, and physical aggression in men. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(5), 819–829.
Anokhin, A. P., et al. (2009). Heritability of risk-taking in adolescence: A longitudinal twin study. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 12, 366–371.
Archer, J. (2006). Testosterone and human aggression: An evaluation of the challenge hypothesis. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 30(3), 319–345.
Archer, J. (2009). Does sexual selection explain human sex differences in aggression? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 249–266.
Barclay, P. (2010). Altruism as a courtship display: Some effects of third-party generosity on audience perceptions. British Journal of Psychology, 101, 123–135.
Bereczkei, T., et al. (2010). Altruism towards strangers in need: Costly signaling in an industrial society. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 95–103.
Bjorklund, D. F., & Ellis, B. J. (2014). Children, childhood, and development in evolutionary perspective. Developmental Review, 34, 225–264.
Carrier, D. R., & Morgan, M. H. (2015). Protective buttressing of the hominin face. Biological Reviews, 90, 330–346.
Cesarini, D., et al. (2009). Genetic variation in preferences for giving and risk taking. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 124, 809–842.
Chang, L., et al. (2011). The face that launched a thousand ships: The mating-warring association in men. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(7), 976–984.
Chaturvedi, S., et al. (2012). The heritability of emergent leadership: Age and gender as moderating factors. Leadership Quarterly, 23, 219–232.
Connelly, K., & Heesacker, M. (2012). Why is benevolent sexism appealing? Associations with system justification and life satisfaction. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 36, 432–443.
Coy, A. E., et al. (2014). Why is low waist-to-chest ratio attractive in males? The mediating roles of perceived dominance, fitness, and protection ability. Body Image, 11, 282–289.
Deaner, R. O., et al. (2012). A sex difference in the predisposition for physical competition: Males play sports much more than females even in the contemporary US. PLOS ONE, 7, e49168.
Dijker, A. J. M. (2014). A theory of vulnerability-based morality. Emotion Review, 6, 175–183.
Eisenegger, C., et al. (2011). The role of testosterone in social interaction. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15, 263–271.
Emlen, D. J. (2008). The evolution of animal weapons. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 39, 387–413.
Fales, M. R., et al. (2014). Exposure to perceived male rivals raises men’s testosterone on fertile relative to non-fertile days of their partner’s ovulatory cycle. Hormones and Behavior, 65, 454–460.
Farrelly, D. (2011). Cooperation as a signal of genetic or phenotypic quality in female mate choice? Evidence from preferences across the menstrual cycle. British Journal of Psychology, 102, 406–430.
Farrelly, D. (2013). Altruism as an indicator of good parenting quality in long-term relationships: Further investigations using the Mate Preferences Towards Altruistic Traits Scale. Journal of Social Psychology, 153, 395–398.
Farthing, G. W. (2007). Neither daredevils nor wimps: Attitudes toward physical risk takers as mates. Evolutionary Psychology, 5(4), 754–777.
Fessler, D. M. T., et al. (2014). Foundations of the Crazy Bastard Hypothesis: Nonviolent physical risk-taking enhances conceptualized formidability. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 26–33.
Gambacorta, D., & Ketelaar, T. (2013). Dominance and deference: Men inhibit creative displays during mate competition when their competitor is strong. Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 330–333.
Gangestad, S. W., et al. (2004). Women’s preferences for male behavioral displays change across the menstrual cycle. Psychological Science, 15, 203–207.
Goetz, J. L., et al. (2010). Compassion: An evolutionary analysis and empirical review. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 351–374.
Green, M., & Phillips, M. (2004). Social threat perception and the evolution of paranoia. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 28(3), 333–342.
Greitemeyer, T., et al. (2013). Romantic motives and risk-taking: An evolutionary approach. Journal of Risk Research, 16, 19–38.
Griskevicius, V., et al. (2009). Aggress to impress: Hostility as an evolved context-dependent strategy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(5), 980–994.
Hahn-Holbrook, J., et al. (2011). Parental precaution: Neurobiological means and adaptive ends. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 1052–1066.
Hammond, M. D., et al. (2014). The allure of sexism: Psychological entitlement fosters women’s endorsement of benevolent sexism over time. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 422–429.
Hannes, R., et al. (in press). Historical and experimental evidence of sexual selection for war heroism. Evolution and Human Behavior.
Hardy, C., & Vugt, M. V. (2006). Nice guys finish first: The competitive altruism hypothesis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 1402.
Jones, S. E., et al. (2011). Personality, antisocial behavior, and aggression: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Criminal Justice, 39, 329–337.
Kraus, M. W., & Chen, T.-W. D. (2013). A winning smile? Smile intensity, physical dominance, and fighter performance. Emotion, 13, 270–279.
Kruger, D. J., & Fitzgerald, C. J. (2011). Reproductive strategies and relationships preferences associated with prestigious and dominant men. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 365–369.
Li, Y., et al. (2014). Women’s preference for masculine traits is disrupted by images of male-on-female aggression. PLOS ONE, 9, e110497.
Liddle, J. R., et al. (2012). Why can’t we all just get along? Evolutionary perspectives on violence, homicide, and war. Review of General Psychology, 16, 24–36.
Little, A. C., et al. (2007). Preferences for masculinity in male bodies change across the menstrual cycle. Hormones and Behavior, 51, 633–639.
Llaurens, V., et al. (2009). Ritual fights and male reproductive success in a human population. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 22, 1854–1859.
Lodi-Smith, J., & Roberts, B. W. (2007). Social investment and personality: A meta-analysis of the relationship of personality traits to investment in work, family, religion, and volunteerism. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11(1), 68–86.
Lucas, M., & Koff, E. (2013). How conception risk affects competition and cooperation with attractive women and men. Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 16–22.
Lukaszewski, A. W., & Roney, J. R. (2010). Kind towards whom? Mate preferences for personality traits are target specific. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31(1), 29–38.
Maner, J. K., et al. (2007). Can’t take my eyes off you: Attentional adhesion to mates and rivals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 389–401.
Mar, R. A., et al. (2006). Bookworms versus nerds: Exposure to fiction versus non-fiction, divergent associations with social ability, and the simulation of fictional social worlds. Journal of Research in Personality, 30, 694–712.
Marsh, A. A., et al. (2009). Larger than life: Humans’ nonverbal status cues alter perceived size. PLOS ONE, 4, e5707.
Marzoli, D., et al. (2013). Environmental influences on mate preferences as assessed by a scenario manipulation experiment. PLOS ONE, 8, e74282.
McAndrew, F. T., & Perilloux, C. (2012). Is self-sacrificial competitive altruism primarily a male activity? Evolutionary Psychology, 10, 50–65.
McDonald, M. M., et al. (2012). Evolution and the psychology of intergroup conflict: The male warrior hypothesis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 367, 670–679.
Oda, R., et al. (2014). Provision or good genes? Menstrual cycle shifts in women’s preferences for short-term and long-term mates’ altruistic behavior. Evolutionary Psychology, 12, 888–900.
Ohlsson, C., et al. (2011). Genetic determinants of serum testosterone concentration in men. PLOS Genetics, 7, e1002313.
Opie, C., et al. (2013). Male infanticide leads to social monogamy in primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 110, 13328–13332.
Palgi, S., et al. (2015). Intranasal administration of oxytocin increases compassion toward women. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10, 311–317.
Pawlowski, B., & Jasienska, G. (2005). Women’s preferences for sexual dimorphism in height depend on menstrual cycle phase and expected duration of relationship. Biological Psychology, 70, 38–43.
Petraitis, J. M., et al. (2014). Sex differences in the attractiveness of hunter-gatherer and modern risks. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 44, 442–453.
Phillips, T., et al. (2010). A link between altruism and sexual selection: Genetic influence on altruistic behaviour and mate preference towards it. British Journal of Psychology, 101, 809–819.
Preston, S. D. (2013). The origins of altruism in offspring care. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 1305–1341.
Reed, L. I., et al. (2014). The commitment function of angry facial expressions. Psychological Science, 25, 1511–1517.
Romero, G. A., et al. (2014). The implicit rules of combat. Human Nature, 25, 496–516.
Ronay, R., & von Hippel, W. (2010). The presence of an attractive woman elevates testosterone and physical risk taking in young men. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1(1), 57–64.
Roney, J. R., et al. (2006). Reading men’s faces: Women’s mate attractiveness judgments track men’s testosterone and interest in infants. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 273, 2169–2175.
Schulte-Hostedde, A., et al. (2012). Sport participation influences perceptions of male characteristics. Evolutionary Psychology, 10, 78–94.
Sell, A., et al. (2009). Human adaptations for the visual assessment of strength and fighting ability from the body and face. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 276, 575–584.
Sell, A., et al. (2012). The importance of physical strength to human males. Human Nature, 23, 30–44.
Sherman, G. D., & Haidt, J. (2011). Cuteness and disgust: The humanizing and dehumanizing effects of emotion. Emotion Review, 3, 245–251.
Snyder, J. K., et al. (2008). The dominance dilemma: Do women really prefer dominant males? Personal Relationships, 15, 425–444.
Snyder, J. K., et al. (2011). Trade-offs in a dangerous world: Women’s fear of crime predicts preferences for aggressive and formidable males. Evolution and Human Behavior, 32(2), 127–137.
Summers, K. (2005). The evolutionary ecology of despotism. Evolution and Human Behavior, 26, 106–135.
Sylwester, K., & Pawlowski, B. (2011). Daring to be darling: Attractiveness of risk takers as partners in long- and short-term sexual relationships. Sex Roles, 64(9–10), 695–706.
Tibbetts, E. A. (2013). The function, development, and evolutionary stability of conventional signals of fighting ability. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 45, 49–80.
Vandello, J. A., & Bosson, J. K. (2013). Hard won and easily lost: A review and synthesis of theory and research on precarious manhood. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 14, 101–113.
Winegard, B. M., et al. (2014). Eastwood’s brawn and Einstein’s brain: An evolutionary account of dominance, prestige, and precarious manhood. Review of General Psychology, 18(1), 34–48.
Zak, P. J., et al. (2009). Testosterone administration decreases generosity in the Ultimatum Game. PLOS ONE, 4, e8330.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. F. (2007). Sexual selection for moral virtues. Quarterly Review of Biology, 82, 97–125.
Miller, G. F. (2009). Agreeableness. In G. F. Miller, Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior (pp. 240–254). New York: Viking.

Chapter 10: Show Them What You’re Working With (Signaling Theory)

Popular Books

Bradbury, J. W., & Vehrencamp, S. L. (2011). Principles of animal communication (2nd Ed.). Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
Maynard Smith, J., & Harper, D. (2003). Animal signals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Neiva, E. (2007). Communication games. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Pentland, A. (2008). Honest signals and how they shape our world. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Searcy, W. A., & Nowicki, S. (2005). The evolution of animal communication. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Stegmann, U. E. (Ed.). (2013). Animal communication theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stevens, M. (2013). Sensory ecology, behavior, and evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Veblen, T. (1899). The theory of the leisure class. New York: Macmillan.
Zahavi, A., & Zahavi, A. (1997). The handicap principle: A missing piece of Darwin’s puzzle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Academic Papers and Essays

Back, M. D., et al. (2011). A closer look at first sight: Social relations lens model analysis of personality and interpersonal attraction at zero acquaintance. European Journal of Personality, 25, 225–238.
Bird, R. B., & Smith, E. A. (2005). Signaling theory, strategic interaction, and symbolic capital. Current Anthropology, 46, 221–248.
Candolin, U. (2003). The use of multiple cues in mate choice. Biological Reviews, 78, 575–595.
Carlson, E. N., et al. (2011). Meta-insight: Do people really know how others see them? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 831–846.
Castellano, S., & Cermelli, P. (2010). Attractive amplifiers in sexual selection: Where efficacy meets honesty. Evolutionary Ecology, 24, 1187–1197.
Conley, T. D. (2011). Perceived proposer personality characteristics and gender differences in acceptance of casual sex offers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 309–329.
Dessalles, J.-L. (2014). Optimal investment in social signals. Evolution, 68, 1640–1650.
Drea, C. M. (2015). D’scent of man: A comparative survey of primate chemosignaling in relation to sex. Hormones and Behavior, 68, 117–133.
Gino, F., et al. (2010). The counterfeit self: The deceptive costs of faking it. Psychological Science, 21, 712–720.
Grafen, A. (1990). Biological signals as handicaps. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 144, 517–546.
Guilford, T., & Dawkins, M. S. (1991). Receiver psychology and the evolution of animal signals. Animal Behaviour, 42, 1–14.
Higham, J. P. (2014). How does honest costly signaling work? Behavioral Ecology, 25, 8–11.
Hill, G. E. (2011). Condition-dependent traits as signals of the functionality of vital cellular processes. Biology Letters, 14, 625–634.
Husak, J. F., & Swallow, J. G. (2011). Compensatory traits and the evolution of male ornaments. Behaviour, 148, 1–29.
Kraaijeveld, K., et al. (2007). The evolution of mutual ornamentation. Animal Behaviour, 74, 657–677.
Lenochova, P., et al. (2012). Psychology of fragrance use: Perception of individual odor and perfume blends reveals a mechanism for idiosyncratic effects on fragrance choice. PLOS ONE, 7, e33810.
Luebke, K. T., & Pause, B. M. (2015). Always follow your nose: The functional significance of social chemosignals in human reproduction and survival. Hormones and Behavior, 68, 134–144.
Marlowe, F. W. (1998). The nobility hypothesis: The human breast as an honest signal of residual reproductive value. Human Nature, 9, 263–271.
Mowles, S. L., & Ord, T. J. (2012). Repetitive signals and mate choice: Insights from contest theory. Animal Behaviour, 84, 295–304.
Naumann, L. P., et al. (2009). Personality judgments based on physical appearance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 1661–1671.
Schaedelin, F. C., & Taborsky, M. (2009). Extended phenotypes as signals. Biological Reviews, 84, 293–313.
Sorokowska, A., et al. (2012). Does personality smell? Accuracy of personality assessments based on body odour. European Journal of Personality, 26, 496–503.
Spence, M. (2002). Signaling in retrospect and the informational structure of markets. American Economic Review, 92, 424–459.
Tazzyman, S. J., et al. (2014). Signaling efficacy drives the evolution of larger sexual ornaments by sexual selection. Evolution, 68(1), 216–229.
Thornhill, R., et al. (2013). Women’s preferences for men’s scents associated with testosterone and cortisol levels: Patterns across the ovulatory cycle. Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 216–221.
Tibbetts, E. A. (2014). The evolution of honest communication: Integrating social and physiological costs of ornamentation. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 54, 578–590.
Vazire, S., et al. (2008). Portrait of a narcissist: Manifestations of narcissism in physical appearance. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1439–1447.
Zahavi, A. (1975). Mate selection—selection for a handicap. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 53, 205–214.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. F. (1998). Review of the book The handicap principle. Evolution and Human Behavior, 19(5), 343–347.
Miller, G. F. (1999). Sexual selection for cultural displays. In R. Dunbar et al. (Eds.), The evolution of culture (pp. 71–91). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Miller, G. F. (2000). Marketing. In J. Brockman (Ed.), The greatest inventions of the last 2,000 years (pp. 121–126). New York: Simon & Schuster.
Miller, G. F. (2000). Mental traits as fitness indicators: Expanding evolutionary psychology’s adaptationism. In D. LeCroy & P. Moller (Eds.), Evolutionary perspectives on human reproductive behavior (pp. 62–74). New York: New York Academy of Sciences.
Miller, G. F. (2000). A mind fit for mating. In G. F. Miller, The mating mind (pp. 99–137). New York: Doubleday.
Miller, G. F. (2009). The Central Six. In G. F. Miller, Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior (pp. 144–170). New York: Viking.
Miller, G. F. (2009). Conspicuous Waste, Precision, and Reputation. In G. F. Miller, Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior (pp. 112–127). New York: Viking.
Miller, G. F. (2009). Flaunting Fitness. In G. F. Miller, Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior (pp. 90–111). New York: Viking.
Miller, G. F. (2009). Self-Branding Bodies, Self-Marketing Minds. In G. F. Miller, Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior (pp. 128–143). New York: Viking.
Miller, G. F. (2009). Traits That Consumers Flaunt and Marketers Ignore. In G. F. Miller, Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior (pp. 171–186). New York: Viking.

Chapter 11: The Power of Popularity and Prestige (Social Proof)

Popular Books

Cabane, O. F. (2013). The charisma myth. New York: Portfolio.
Cain, S. (2013). Quiet. New York: Broadway Books.
Carnegie, D. (1998). How to win friends and influence people. New York: Pocket Books.
Cialdini, R. (2008). Influence (5th Ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Ellsberg, M. (2010). The power of eye contact. New York: William Morrow.
Grandin, T., & Barron, S. (2005). The unwritten rules of social relationships. Arlington, TX: Future Horizons.
Hoffman, R. (2012). The start-up of you. New York: Crown Business.
Lieberman, M. D. (2015). Social: Why our brains are wired to connect. New York: Broadway Books.
Putnam, R. D. (2001). Bowling alone. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Ronson, J. (2015). So you’ve been publicly shamed. New York: Riverhead Books.

Academic Books

Baumeister, R. (2005). The cultural animal. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Boesch, C. (2009). The real chimpanzee: Sex strategies in the forest. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boyd, D. (2014). It’s complicated: The social lives of networked teens. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Caldarelli, G., & Catanzaro, M. (2012). Networks: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Donath, J. (2014). The social machine: Designs for living online. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Emery, N., et al. (Eds.). (2008). Social intelligence: From brain to culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Forgas, J. P., et al. (Eds.). (2007). Evolution and the social mind. New York: Psychology Press.
Gamble, C., et al. (2014). Thinking big: How the evolution of social life shaped the human mind. London: Thames & Hudson.
Graziano, M. S. A. (2013). Consciousness and the social brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Harcourt, A. H., & Stewart, K. J. (2007). Gorilla society: Conflict, compromise, and cooperation between the sexes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hertwig, R., et al. (Eds.). (2012). Simple heuristics in a social world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hruschka, D. J. (2010). Friendship: Development, ecology, and evolution of a relationship. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Jacquet, J. (2015). Is shame necessary? New uses for an old tool. New York: Pantheon Books.
Just, P. (2000). Social and cultural anthropology: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mitani, J. C., et al. (Eds.). (2012). The evolution of primate societies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Schaller, M., et al. (Eds.). (2006). Evolution and social psychology. New York: Psychology Press.
Wilson, E. O. (2013). The social conquest of earth. New York: Liveright.

Academic Papers and Essays

Ackerman, J. M., & Kenrick, D. T. (2009). Cooperative courtship: Helping friends raise and raze relationship barriers. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 1285–1300.
Adler, P. S., & Kwon, S. W. (2002). Social capital: Prospects for a new concept. Academy of Management Review, 27, 17–40.
Alvergne, A., et al. (2010). Personality and reproductive success in a high-fertility human population. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 107, 11745–11750.
Anderson, C., & Kilduff, G. J. (2009). The pursuit of status in social groups. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 295–298.
Apicella, C., et al. (2012). Social networks and cooperation in hunter-gatherers. Nature, 481(7382), 497–501.
Bailey, D. H., et al. (2013). Heritability and fitness correlates of personality in the Ache, a natural-fertility population in Paraguay. PLOS ONE, 8, e59325.
Barclay, P. (2013). Strategies for cooperation in biological markets, especially for humans. Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 164–175.
Berg, B., et al. (2014). Personality and long-term reproductive success measured by number of grandchildren. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 533–539.
Betzig, L. (2014). Eusociality in history. Human Nature, 25, 80–99.
Borkenau, P., et al. (2009). Extraversion is accurately perceived after a 50-ms exposure to a face. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(4), 703–706.
Bowers, R. I., et al. (2012). Generalization in mate-choice copying in humans. Behavioral Ecology, 23(1), 112–124.
Brent, L. J. N., et al. (2014). The neuroethology of friendship. Year in Cognitive Neuroscience, 1316, 1–17.
Cheng, J. T., et al. (2013). Two ways to the top: Evidence that dominance and prestige are distinct yet viable avenues to social rank and influence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104(1), 103–125.
Chu, S. (2012). I like who you like, but only if I like you: Female character affects mate-choice copying. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 691–695.
Chudek, M., et al. (2012). Prestige-biased cultural learning: Bystander’s differential attention to potential models influences children’s learning. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33(1), 46–56.
De Backer, C. J. S. (2012). Blinded by the starlight: An evolutionary framework for studying celebrity culture and fandom. Review of General Psychology, 16, 144–151.
DeScioli, P., & Kurzban, R. (2009). The alliance hypothesis for human friendship. PLOS ONE, 4(6), e5802.
Dezecache, G., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2012). Sharing the joke: The size of natural laughter groups. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 775–779.
Donath, J., & Boyd, D. (2004). Public displays of connection. BT Technology Journal, 22, 71–82.
Dunbar, R. I. M., & Shultz, S. (2007). Evolution in the social brain. Science, 317, 1344–1347.
Ebstein, R. P., et al. (2010). Genetics of human social behavior. Neuron, 65(6), 831–844.
Feldman, R. (2012). Oxytocin and social affiliation in humans. Hormones and Behavior, 61, 380–391.
Fiske, S. T., et al. (2007). Universal dimensions of social cognition: Warmth and competence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11, 77–83.
Flinn, M. V., et al. (2005). Ecological dominance, social competition, and coalitionary arms races: Why humans evolved extraordinary intelligence. Evolution and Human Behavior, 26, 10–46.
Foster, C. A., et al. (2010). Are secret relationships hot, then not? Romantic secrecy as a function of relationship duration. Journal of Social Psychology, 150(6), 668–688.
Gosling, S. D., et al. (2011). Manifestations of personality in online social networks: Self-reported Facebook-related behaviors and observable profile information. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14, 483–488.
Grueter, C. C., et al. (2012). Evolution of multilevel social systems in nonhuman primates and humans. International Journal of Primatology, 33, 1002–1037.
Ha, T., et al. (2010). Effects of attractiveness and social status on dating desire in heterosexual adolescents: An experimental study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 1063–1071.
Hone, L. S. E., et al. (2013). Drinking games as a venue for sexual competition. Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 889–906.
Hopcroft, R. L. (2006). Sex, status, and reproductive success in the contemporary United States. Evolution and Human Behavior, 27, 104–120.
Jaeggi, A. V., & Gurven, M. (2013). Natural cooperators: Food sharing in humans and other primates. Evolutionary Anthropology, 22, 186–195.
Kim, J., & Lee, J.-E. R. (2011). The Facebook paths to happiness: Effects of the number of Facebook friends and self-presentation on subjective well-being. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14(6), 359–364.
King, A. J., et al. (2009). The origins and evolution of leadership. Current Biology, 19(19), R911–R916.
Klein, J. T., et al. (2009). Social attention and the brain. Current Biology, 19(2), R958–R962.
Kowert, R., et al. (2014). Unpopular, overweight, and socially inept: Reconsidering the stereotype of online gamers. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17(3), 141–146.
Kurzban, R., et al. (2015). The evolution of altruism in humans. Annual Review of Psychology, 66, 575–599.
Kurzban, R., & Leary, M. R. (2001). Evolutionary origins of stigmatization: The functions of social exclusion. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 187–208.
Lewis, D. M. G., et al. (2011). Friends with benefits: The evolved psychology of same- and opposite-sex friendship. Evolutionary Psychology, 9, 543–563.
Lin, N. (1999). Social networks and status attainment. Annual Review of Sociology, 25, 467–487.
Little, A. C., et al. (2011). Effects of partner beauty on opposite-sex attractiveness. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 1119–1127.
Lukazewski, A. W., & von Rueden, C. R. (2015). The extraversion continuum in evolutionary perspective: A review of recent theory and evidence. Personality and Individual Differences, 77, 186–192.
Mead, N. L., et al. (2011). Social exclusion causes people to spend and consume strategically in the service of affiliation. Journal of Consumer Research, 37(5), 902–919.
Meier, B. P., et al. (2010). Are sociable people more beautiful? A zero-acquaintance analysis of agreeableness, extraversion, and attractiveness. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 293–296.
Mogilski, J. K., & Wade, T. J. (2013). Friendship as a relationship infiltration tactic during mate poaching. Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 926–943.
Naomi I. E., & Lieberman, M. D. (2004). Why rejection hurts: A common neural alarm system for physical and social pain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8(7), 294–300.
Ong, E. Y. L., et al. (2011). Narcissism, extraversion, and adolescents’ self-presentation on Facebook. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 180–185.
Ostner, J., & Schuelke, O. (2014). The evolution of social bonds in primate males. Behaviour, 151(7), 871–906.
Pavlova, M. A. (2012). Biological motion processing as a hallmark of social cognition. Cerebral Cortex, 22(5), 981–995.
Perilloux, C., et al. (2011). Meet the parents: Parent-offspring convergence and divergence in mate preferences. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(2), 253–258.
Pines, M., et al. (2015). The rise and fall of leader males in a multi-level society: Takeovers and tenures of male hamadryas baboons. American Journal of Primatology, 77, 44–55.
Price, M. E., & Van Vugt, M. (2014). The evolution of leader-follower reciprocity: The theory of service-for-prestige. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, e363.
Quist, M. C., et al. (2012). Integrating social knowledge and physical cues when judging the attractiveness of potential mates. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 770–773.
Robbins, A. M., et al. (2014). Variance in the reproductive success of dominant male mountain gorillas. Primates, 55, 489–499.
Rubenstein, D. R. (2012). Family feuds: Social competition and sexual conflict in complex societies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 367, 2304–2313.
Seyfarth, R. M., & Cheney, D. L. (2012). The evolutionary origins of friendship. Annual Review of Psychology, 63, 153–177.
Sinclair, H. C., et al. (2014). Revisiting the Romeo and Juliet effect: Reexamining the links between social network opinions and romantic relationship outcomes. Social Psychology, 45(3), 170–178.
Smith, J. E., et al. (2012). Evolution of cooperation among mammalian carnivores and its relevance to hominin evolution. Current Anthropology, 53, S436–S452.
Stiller, J., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2007). Perspective-taking and memory capacity predict social network size. Social Networks, 29, 93–104.
Sturgis, P., et al. (2010). A genetic basis for social trust? Political Behavior, 32(2), 205–230.
Sundie, J. M., et al. (2012). The world’s (truly) oldest profession: Social influence in evolutionary perspective. Social Influence, 7, 134–153.
Tong, S. T., et al. (2008). Too much of a good thing? The relationship between number of friends and interpersonal impressions on Facebook. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13, 531–549.
Utz, S. (2010). Show me your friends and I will tell you what type of person you are: How one’s profile, number of friends, and type of friends influence impression formation on social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 15, 314–335.
Valenzuela, S., et al. (2009). Is there social capital in a social network site? Facebook use and college students’ life satisfaction, trust, and participation. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14, 875–901.
von Rueden, C., et al. (2011). Leadership in an egalitarian society. Human Nature, 25, 538–566.
von Rueden, C., et al. (2011). Why do men seek status? Fitness payoffs to dominance and prestige. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 278(1715), 2223–2232.
Walther, J. B., et al. (2008). The role of friends’ appearance and behavior on evaluations of individuals on Facebook: Are we known by the company we keep? Human Communication Research, 34(1), 28–60.
Wilson, R. E., et al. (2012). A review of Facebook research in the social sciences. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7, 203–220.
Winegard, B. M., et al. (2013). If you’ve got it, flaunt it: Humans flaunt attractive partners to enhance their status and desirability. PLOS ONE, 8(8), e72000.
Wrzus, C., et al. (2014). Social network changes and life events across the life span: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 139, 53–80.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. F. (2000). Memetic evolution and human culture. Quarterly Review of Biology, 75(4), 434–436.

Chapter 12: How Rich Do You Need to Be? (Material Proof)

Popular Books

Allen, R. C. (2011). Global economic history: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Altucher, J., & Costolo, D. (2013). Choose yourself. CreateSpace.
Armstrong, J. (2012). How to worry less about money. New York: Picador.
Clarey, A. (2013). Bachelor pad economics. CreateSpace.
Conniff, R. (2002). The natural history of the rich. New York: W. W. Norton.
Conniff, R. (2005). The ape in the corner office. New York: Crown Business.
De Botton, A. (2004). Status anxiety. New York: Penguin.
De Botton, A. (2010). The pleasures and sorrows of work. New York: Vintage.
Diamandis, P. H., & Kotler, S. (2014). Abundance. New York: Free Press.
Ferriss, T. (2009). The 4-hour work week. New York: Harmony.
Frank, R. H. (2000). Luxury fever. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Frank, R. H. (2010). What price the moral high ground? How to succeed without selling your soul. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Frank, R. H., & Cook, P. J. (1995). The winner-take-all society. New York: Free Press.
Gini, A. (2000). My job, my self. New York: Routledge.
Guillebeau, C. (2012). The $100 startup. New York: Crown Business.
Hoehn, C. (2014). Recession-proof graduate. Charliehoehn.com.
Hyatt, M. (2012). Platform. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson.
Kaufman, J. (2012). The personal MBA. New York: Portfolio.
Krznaric, R. (2013). How to find fulfilling work. New York: Picador.
Leavitt, S. D., & Dubner, S. J. (2009). Freakonomics. New York: Harper Perennial.
Pink, D. (2013). To sell is human. New York: Riverhead Books.
Ridley, M. (2011). The rational optimist. New York: Harper Perennial.
Ries, E. (2011). The lean startup. New York: Crown Business.
Seabright, P. (2010). The company of strangers. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Shermer, M. (2007). The mind of the market. New York: Times Books.
Stanley, T. J., & Danko, W. D. (2010). The millionaire next door. Lanham, MD: Taylor Trade.
Thiel, P. (2014). Zero to one. New York: Crown Business.
Wheelan, C. (2010). Naked economics. New York: W. W. Norton.

Academic Books

Arrow, K., et al. (2000). Meritocracy and economic inequality. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Clark, G., (2007). A farewell to alms. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Earle, T. (2002). Bronze age economics. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
English, J. F. (2005). The economy of prestige. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Flannery, K., & Marcus, J. (2012). The creation of inequality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Furnham, A. (2006). Just for the money? What really motivates us at work. London: Cyan Communications.
Furnham, A. (2008). Personality and intelligence at work. New York: Psychology Press.
Hochschild, A. (2003). The managed heart. Berkeley: University of California Press.
McCloskey, D. N. (2007). The bourgeois virtues. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Preston, S. D., et al. (2014). The interdisciplinary science of consumption. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Saad, G. (2007). The evolutionary bases of consumption. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Saad, G. (Ed.). (2011). Evolutionary psychology in the business sciences. New York: Springer.
Taleb, N. N. (2012). Antifragile. New York: Penguin.
Zelizer, V. A. (2013). Economic lives. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Academic Papers and Essays

Aknin, L. B., et al. (2011). It’s the recipient that counts: Spending money on strong social ties leads to greater happiness than spending on weak social ties. PLOS ONE, 6, e17018.
Aknin, L. B., et al. (2013). Prosocial spending and well-being: Cross-cultural evidence for a psychological universal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 635–652.
Apostolou, M. (2011). Why men collect things? A case study of fossilised dinosaur eggs. Journal of Economic Psychology, 32, 410–417.
Bates, T. C., et al. (2013). Childhood socioeconomic status amplifies genetic effects of adult intelligence. Psychological Science, 24(10), 2111–2116.
Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2004). Sexual economics: Sex as female resource for social exchange in heterosexual interactions. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8, 339–363.
Benjamin, D. J., et al. (2012). The genetic architecture of economic and political preferences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 109(21), 8026–8031.
Borgerhoff Mulder, M., & Beheim, B. A. (2011). Understanding the nature of wealth and its effects on human fitness. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 366, 344–356.
Borgerhoff Mulder, M., et al. (2009). Intergenerational wealth transmission and the dynamics of inequality in small-scale societies. Science, 326, 682–688.
Capraiello, P. A., & Reis, H. T. (2013). To do, to have, or to share? Valuing experiences over material possessions depends on the involvement of others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 199–215.
Chu, S., et al. (2007). Too good to be “true”? The handicap of high socio-economic status in attractive males. Personality and Individual Differences, 42(7), 1291–1300.
De Neve, J.-E., et al. (2012). Genes, economics, and happiness. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics, 5, 193–211.
Dittmar, H., et al. (2014). The relationship between materialism and personal well-being: A meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107, 879–924.
Dunn, E. W., et al. (2011). If money doesn’t make you happy, then you probably aren’t spending it right. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 21, 115–125.
Dunn, E. W., et al. (2014). Prosocial spending and happiness: Using money to benefit others pays off. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 41–47.
Dunn, M. J., & Searle, R. (2009). Effect of manipulated prestige-car ownership on both sex attractiveness ratings. British Journal of Psychology, 1–12.
Durante, K. M., et al. (2014). Money, status, and the ovulatory cycle. Journal of Marketing Research, 51, 27–39.
Fischer, R., & Boer, D. (2011). What is more important for national well-being: Money or autonomy? A meta-analysis of well-being, burnout, and anxiety across 63 societies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 164–184.
Gilovich, T., et al. (2015). A wonderful life: Experiential consumption and the pursuit of happiness. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 25, 152–165.
Godoy, R., et al. (2007). Signaling by consumption in a native Amazonian society. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 124–134.
Greene, F. J., et al. (2014). Testosterone is associated with self-employment among Australian men. Economics & Human Biology, 13, 76–84.
Griskevicius, V., et al. (2010). Going green to be seen: Status, reputation, and conspicuous conservation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 392–404.
Griskevicius, V., & Kenrick, D. T. (2013). Fundamental motives: How evolutionary needs influence consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 23(3), 372–386.
Gueguen, N., & Lamy, L. (2012). Men’s social status and attractiveness: Women’s requests to men’s date requests. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71, 157–160.
Gurven, M., & Hill, K. (2009). Why do men hunt? A reevaluation of “Man the Hunter” and the sexual division of labor. Current Anthropology, 50(1), 51–74.
Hawkes, Kristen, & Bliege Bird, R. (2002). Showing off, handicap signaling, and the evolution of men’s work. Evolutionary Anthropology, 11, 58–67.
Heffetz, O. (2011). A test of conspicuous consumption: Visibility and income elasticities. Review of Economics and Statistics, 93(4), 1101–1117.
Hill, S. E., et al. (2012). Boosting beauty in an economic decline: Mating, spending, and the lipstick effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 275–291.
Hopkins, E., & Kornienko, T. (2004). Running to keep in the same place: Consumer choice as a game of status. American Economic Review, 94, 1085–1107.
Hudders, L., et al. (2014). The rival wears Prada: Luxury consumption as a female competition strategy. Evolutionary Psychology, 12, 570–587.
Hulsheger, U. R., & Schewe, A. F. (2011). On the costs and benefits of emotional labor: A meta-analysis of three decades of research. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 16, 361–389.
Iredale, W., et al. (2008). Showing off in humans: Male generosity as a mating signal. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 386–392.
Johansson-Stenman, O., & Martinsson, P. (2006). Honestly, why are you driving a BMW? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 60, 129–146.
Karmin, M., et al. (in press). A recent bottleneck of Y chromosome diversity coincides with a global change in culture. Genome Research.
Kell, H. J., et al. (2013). Who rises to the top? Early indicators. Psychological Science, 24, 648–659.
Lens, I., et al. (2012). Would male conspicuous consumption capture the female eye? Menstrual cycle effects on women’s attraction to status products. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 346–349.
Marioni, R. E., et al. (2014). Molecular genetic contributions to socioeconomic status and intelligence. Intelligence, 44, 26–32.
Marlowe, F. W. (2007). Hunting and gathering: The human sexual division of foraging labor. Cross-Cultural Research, 41, 170–195.
Nettle, D., & Pollet, T. V. (2008). Natural selection on male wealth in humans. American Naturalist, 172, 658–666.
Pieters, R. (2013). Bidirectional dynamics of materialism and loneliness: Not just a vicious cycle. Journal of Consumer Research, 40, 615–631.
Price, M. E., et al. (2014). Female economic dependence and the morality of promiscuity. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43, 1289–1301.
Robson, A. J. (2001). The biological basis of economic behavior. Journal of Economic Literature, 39(1), 11–33.
Robson, A. J., & Kaplan, H. S. (2006). The economics of hunter-gatherer societies and the evolution of human characteristics. Canadian Journal of Economics, 39(2), 375–398.
Saad, G., & Vongas, J. G. (2009). The effect of conspicuous consumption on men’s testosterone levels. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 110, 80–92.
Salmon, C. A. (2008). The world’s oldest profession: Evolutionary insights into prostitution. In J. Duntley & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Evolutionary forensic psychology (pp. 121–135). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Shennan, S. (2011). Property and wealth inequality and cultural niche construction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 366, 918–926.
Shrum, L. J., et al. (2013). Reconceptualizing materialism as identity goal pursuits: Functions, processes, and consequences. Journal of Business Research, 66(8), 1179–1185.
Simonson, I., & Sela, A. (2011). On the heritability of consumer decision making: An exploratory approach for studying genetic effects on judgment and choice. Journal of Consumer Research, 37, 951–966.
Smith, E. A., et al. (2010). Wealth transmission and inequality among hunter-gatherers. Current Anthropology, 51(1), 19–34.
Sozou, P. D., & Seymour, R. M. (2005). Costly but worthless gifts facilitate courtship. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 272, 1877–1884.
Strenze, R. (2007). Intelligence and socioeconomic success: A meta-analytic review of longitudinal research. Intelligence, 35, 401–426.
Sundie, J. M., et al. (2011). Peacocks, Porsches, and Thorstein Veblen: Conspicuous consumption as a sexual signaling system. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 664–680.
Trzaskowski, M., et al. (2014). Genetic influence on family socioeconomic status and children’s intelligence. Intelligence, 42, 83–88.
Van de Loos, M. J. H. M., et al. (2013). The molecular genetic architecture of self-employment. PLOS ONE, 8, e60542.
Wai, J. (2014). Investigating the world’s rich and powerful: Education, cognitive ability, and sex differences. Intelligence, 46, 54–72.
Wang, Y., & Griskevicius, V. (2014). Conspicuous consumption, relationships, and rivals: Women’s luxury products as signals to other women. Journal of Consumer Research, 40, 834–854.
White, A. E., et al. (2013). From the bedroom to the budget deficit: Mate competition changes men’s attitudes toward economic redistribution. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105, 924–940.
Yong, J. C., & Li, N. P. (2012). Cash in hand, want better looking mate: Significant resource cues raise men’s mating standards. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 55–58.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. (1998, February 20). Waste is good. Prospect, 18–23.
Miller, G. (2000). Marketing. In J. Brockman (Ed.), The greatest inventions of the last 2,000 years (pp. 121–126). New York: Simon & Schuster.
Miller, G. (2007). Runaway consumerism explains the Fermi paradox. In J. Brockman (Ed.), What is your dangerous idea? (pp. 240–243). New York: Harper Perennial.
Miller, G. F. (2009). Spent: Sex, evolution, and consumer behavior. New York: Viking.
Miller, G. F. (2012). Sex, evolution, and marketing. EMBO Reports, 13(10), 880–884.
Miller, G. F. (2013). Twenty-seven thoughts about multiple selves, sustainable consumption, and human evolution. In H. C. M. van Trijp (Ed.), Encouraging sustainable behavior (pp. 27–35). Oxford, UK: Psychology Press.

Chapter 13: Stylin’ and Profilin’ (Aesthetic Proof)

Popular Books

Byrne, D. (2013). How music works. San Francisco: McSweeney’s.
Dutton, D. (2008). The art instinct. London: Bloomsbury Press.
Eco, U. (2012). History of beauty. New York: Rizzoli.
Edwards, B. (2012). Drawing on the right side of the brain (4th Ed.). New York: Tarcher.
Gosling, S. D. (2008). Snoop: What your stuff says about you. New York: Basic Books.
Hovey, H. H. (2013). Heirloom modern. New York: Rizzoli.
Kandel, E. (2012). The age of insight. New York: Random House.
Levitin, D. (2007). This is your brain on music. New York: Plume/Penguin.
Marcus, G. (2012). Guitar zero: The science of becoming musical at any age. New York: Penguin.
Peres, D. (2007). Details men’s style manual. New York: Gotham.
Postrel, V. (2004). The substance of style. New York: Harper Perennial.
Postrel, V. (2013). The power of glamour. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Roetzel, B. (2012). Gentleman: A timeless guide to fashion. Potsdam, Germany: H. F. Ullmann.
Scruton, R. (2011). Beauty: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Thornton, S. (2009). Seven days in the art world. New York: W. W. Norton.

Academic Books

Carroll, J. (2011). Reading human nature. New York: State University of New York Press.
Catchpole, C. K., & Slater, P. J. B. (2008). Bird song (2nd Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chatterjee, A. (2013). The aesthetic brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Davies, S. (2015). The artful species. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dawkins, R. (1999). The extended phenotype. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gombrich, E. H. (1994). A sense of order. London: Phaidon Press.
Gombrich, E. H. (2000). Art and illusion. London: Phaidon Press.
Hersey, G. L. (1996). The evolution of allure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hersey, G. L. (1999). The monumental impulse. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Huron, D. (2006). Sweet anticipation: Music and the psychology of expectation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Jablonski, N. G. (2006). Skin: A natural history. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Malagouris, L. (2013). How things shape the mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Mithen, S. (2007). The singing Neanderthals. Cambridge, MA: Harvard U. Press.
Steiner, W. (2001). Venus in exile. New York: Free Press.
Veblen, T. (1914). The instinct of workmanship and the state of the industrial arts. New York: Macmillan.
Voland, E., & Grammer, K. (Eds.). (2003). Evolutionary aesthetics. New York: Springer.

Academic Papers and Essays

Arden, R., et al. (2014). Genes influence young children’s human figure drawings and their association with intelligence a decade later. Psychological Science, 25, 1843–1850.
Barber, N. (2001). Mustache fashion covaries with a good marriage market for women. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 25, 261–272.
Basow, S. A., & O’Neil, K. (2014). Men’s body depilation: An exploratory study of United States college students’ preferences, attitudes, and practices. Body Image, 11, 409–417.
Beaussart, M., et al. (2012). Creative activity, personality, mental illness, and short-term mating success. Journal of Creative Behavior, 46(3), 151–167.
Byers, J., et al. (2010). Female mate choice based upon male motor performance. Animal Behavior, 79(4), 771–778.
Cappelle, T., & Fink, B. (2013). Changes in women’s attractiveness perception of masculine men’s dances across the ovulatory cycle: Preliminary data. Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 965–972.
Carmen, R. A., et al. (2012). Ultimate answers to proximate questions: The evolutionary motivations behind tattoos and body piercings in popular culture. Review of General Psychology, 16, 134–143.
Changizi, M. A., et al. (2006). Bare skin, blood, and the evolution of primate colour vision. Biology Letters, 2, 217–221.
Charlton, B. D. (2014). Menstrual cycle phase alters women’s sexual preferences for composers of more complex music. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 281, e20140403.
Clegg, H., et al. (2011). Status and mating success amongst visual artists. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, e310.
Coleman, S. W., et al. (2007). Female preferences drive the evolution of mimetic accuracy in male sexual displays. Biology Letters, 3(5), 463–466.
Conard, N. J., et al. (2009). New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany. Nature, 460, 737–740.
Crocchiola, D. (2014). Art as an indicator of male fitness: Does prenatal testosterone influence artistic ability? Evolutionary Psychology, 12, 521–533.
Curtis, V. A. (2007). Dirt, disgust, and disease: A natural history of hygiene. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 660–664.
Dakin, R., & Montgomerie, R. (2009). Peacocks orient their courtship displays towards the sun. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 63, 825–834.
Dennenmoser, S., & Christy, J. H. (2013). The design of a beautiful weapon: Compensation for opposing sexual selection on a trait with two functions. Evolution, 67, 1181–1888.
DeWall, C. N., & Maner, J. K. (2008). High status men (but not women) capture the eye of the beholder. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 328–341.
Dewhirst, F. E., et al. (2010). The human oral microbiome. Journal of Bacteriology, 192, 5002–5017.
Dixson, B. J., & Brooks, R. C. (2013). The role of facial hair in woman’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness, health, masculinity, and parenting abilities. Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 236–241.
Duarte, C. M. (2014). Red ochre and shells: Clues to human evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 29, 560–565.
Endler, J. A., et al. (2014). Visual effects in great bowerbird sexual displays and their implications for signal design. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 281(1783), e20140235.
Fink, B., et al. (2012). Men’s personality and women’s perception of their dance quality. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(2), 232–235.
Fink, B., et al. (2015). Integrating body movement into attractiveness research. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, e220.
Fitch, W. T. (2015). Four principles of bio-musicology. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 370, 13–24.
Gillath, O., et al. (2012). Shoes as a source of first impressions. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 423–430.
Gosling, S. D., et al. (2002). A room with a cue: Personality judgments based on offices and bedrooms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 379–398.
Grammer, K., et al. (2003). Darwinian aesthetics: Sexual selection and the biology of beauty. Biological Reviews, 78, 385–407.
Grice, E. A., & Segre, J. A. (2011). The skin microbiome. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 9, 244–253.
Griskevicius, V., et al. (2006). Peacocks, Picasso, and parental investment: The effects of romantic motives on creativity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 63–76.
Gueguen, N., et al. (2014). Men’s music ability and attractiveness to women in a real-life courtship context. Psychology of Music, 42, 545–549.
Hagen, E. H., & Hammerstein, P. (2009–2010). Did Neanderthals and other early humans sing? Seeking the biological roots of music in the territorial advertisements of primates, lions, hyenas, and wolves [Special issue]. Musicae Scientiae, 13, 291–320.
Hodgson, D. (2011). The first appearance of symmetry in the human lineage: Where perception meets art. Symmetry, 3, 37–53.
Hoeschele, M., et al. (2015). Searching for the origins of musicality across species. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 370, 39–47.
Hoover, K. C. (2010). Smell with inspiration: The evolutionary significance of olfaction. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, S51, 63–74.
Hugill, N., et al. (2011). Women’s perception of men’s sensation seeking propensity from their dance movements. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 483–487.
Janif, Z. J., et al. (2014). Negative frequency-dependent preferences and variation in male facial hair. Biology Letters, 10, e20130958.
Kelley, L. A., & Endler, J. A. (2012). Male great bowerbirds create forced perspective illusions with consistently different individual quality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 109(51), 20980–20985.
Kohn, M., & Mithen, S. (1999). Handaxes: Products of sexual selection? Antiquity, 73, 518–526.
Koppensteiner, M. (2013). Motion cues that make an impression: Predicting perceived personality by minimal motion information. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(6), 1137–1143.
Koscinski, K. (2012). Hand attractiveness: Its determinants and associations with facial attractiveness. Behavioral Ecology, 23, 334–342.
Kuhn, S. L. (2014). Signaling theory and technologies of communication in the Paleolithic. Biology Theory, 9, 42–50.
Lefevre, C. E., & Perrett, D. I. (2015). Fruit over sunbed: Carotenoid skin colouration is found more attractive than melanin colouration. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68, 284–293.
Morriss-Kay, G. M. (2010). The evolution of human artistic creativity. Journal of Anatomy, 216, 158–176.
Neave, N., et al. (2011). Male dance moves that catch a woman’s eye. Biology Letters, 7, 221–224.
Plourde, A. M. (2009). The origins of prestige goods as honest signals of skill and knowledge. Human Nature, 19, 374–388.
Rantala, M. J., et al. (2010). Preference for human male body hair changes across the menstrual cycle and menopause. Behavioral Ecology, 21, 419–423.
Rentfrow, P. J., & Gosling, S. D. (2006). Message in a ballad: The role of music preferences in interpersonal perception. Psychological Science, 17, 236–242.
Roberts, S. C., et al. (2011). Body odor quality predicts behavioral attractiveness in humans. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40(6), 1111–1117.
Schaedelin, F. C., & Taborsky, M. (2009). Extended phenotypes as signals. Biological Reviews, 84(2), 293–313.
Sluming, V. A., & Manning, J. T. (2000). Second to fourth digit ratio in elite musicians: Evidence for musical ability as an honest signal of male fitness. Evolution and Human Behavior, 21, 1–9.
Suetterlin, C., et al. (2014). Art as behaviour: An ethological approach to visual and verbal art, music, and architecture. Anthropologischer Anzeiger, 71(1–2), 3–13.
Van der Sleen, M. I., et al. (2010). Effectiveness of mechanical tongue cleaning on breath odour and tongue coating: A systematic review. International Journal of Dental Hygiene, 8, 258–268.
Weege, B., et al. (2012). Women’s visual attention to variation in men’s dance quality. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 236–240.
Wiggins, G. A., et al. (2015). The evolutionary roots of creativity: Mechanisms and motivations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 370, 20140099.
Van den Broek, E. M. F., & Todd, P. M. (2009–2010). Evolution of rhythm as an indicator of mate quality [Special issue]. Musicae Scientiae, 13, 369–386.
Yaacob, M., et al. (2014). Powered versus manual toothbrushing for oral health. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 6, CD002281.

Geoff’s Work

Blythe, P. W., et al. (1999). How motion reveals intention: Categorizing social interactions. In G. Gigerenzer & P. Todd. (Eds.), Simple heuristics that make us smart (pp. 257–285). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Miller, G. F. (1999). Sexual selection for cultural displays. In R. Dunbar et al. (Eds.), The evolution of culture (pp. 71–91). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Miller, G. F. (2000). Arts of seduction. In G. F. Miller, The mating mind (pp. 258–291). New York: Doubleday.
Miller, G. F. (2000). Evolution of human music through sexual selection. In N. L. Wallin et al. (Eds.), The origins of music (pp. 329–360). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Miller, G. F. (2000). Ornamental genius. In G. F. Miller, The mating mind (pp. 138–175). New York: Doubleday.
Miller, G. F. (2001). Aesthetic fitness: How sexual selection shaped artistic virtuosity as a fitness indicator and aesthetic preferences as mate choice criteria. Bulletin of Psychology and the Arts, 2(1), 20–25.
Miller, G. F. (2014, March 29). Stuff: The bare necessities, then and now. New Scientist, 2962, 41–42.

Chapter 14: Show Her How You Feel (Romantic Proof)

Popular Books

Brown, B. (2012). Daring greatly. New York: Gotham.
Buss, D. M. (2000). The dangerous passion. New York: Free Press.
Conley, D. (2015). Parentology. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Coontz, S. (2006). Marriage, a history: How love conquered marriage. New York: Penguin.
Fisher, H. (2010). Why him? Why her? New York: Holt.
Frank R. 1988. Passions within reason. New York: W. W. Norton.
Gottman, J. (2011). The science of trust. New York: W. W. Norton.
Gottman, J., & Silver, N. (2013). What makes love last? New York: Simon & Schuster.
Hawley, K. (2012). Trust: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Johnson, S. (2013). Love sense. New York: Little, Brown.
Levine, A., & Heller, R. (2012). Attached. New York: Tarcher.
Mead, R. (2008). One perfect day: The selling of the American wedding. New York: Penguin.
Young, L., & Alexander, B. (2014). The chemistry between us. Rancho Santa Margarita, CA: Current Publishing.
Zak, P. (2013). The moral molecule: How trust works. New York: Plume.

Academic Books

Becker, G. S. (2005). A treatise on the family. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Boesch, C., & Reichart, U. (Eds.) (2003). Monogamy: Mating Strategies and Partnerships in Birds, Humans and Other Mammals . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lettmaier, S. (2010). Broken engagements: The action for breach of promise of marriage and the feminine ideal, 1800–1940. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nesse, R. M. (Ed.). (2001). Evolution and the capacity for commitment. New York: Russell Sage.
Salmon, C., & Shackelford, T. K. (Eds.). (2011). The Oxford handbook of evolutionary family psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Simpson, J. A., & Campbell, L. (Eds.). (2013). Handbook of close relationships. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Academic Papers and Essays

Ackerman, J. M., et al. (2011). Let’s get serious: Communicating commitment in romantic relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 1079–1094.
Anderson, K. G. (2011). Does paying child support reduce men’s subsequent marriage and fertility? Evolution and Human Behavior, 32, 90–96.
Anderson, K. G., et al. (2007). Confidence of paternity, divorce, and investment in children by Albuquerque men. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 1–10.
Balliet, D. (2010). Communication and cooperation in social dilemmas: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54, 39–57.
Beall, A. T., & Schaller, M. (2014). Affective implications of the mating/parenting trade-off: Short-term mating motives and desirability as a short-term mate predict less intense tenderness responses to infants. Personality and Individual Differences, 68, 112–117.
Boutwell, B. B., et al. (2015). When love dies: Further elucidating the existence of a mate ejection module. Review of General Psychology, 19, 30–38.
Brase, G. L. (2006). Cues of parental investment as a factor in attractiveness. Evolution and Human Behavior, 27, 145–157.
Burkett, J. P., & Young, L. J. (2012). The behavioral, anatomical, and pharmacological parallels between social attachment, love, and addiction. Psychopharmacology, 224, 1–26.
Buss, D. M., & Shackelford, T. K. (2008). Attractive women want it all: Good genes, economic investment, parenting proclivities, and emotional commitment. Evolutionary Psychology, 6(1), 134–146.
Casey, J. J., et al. (2007). Emotional intelligence, relationship quality, and partner selection. In G. Geher & G. F. Miller (Eds.), Mating intelligence (pp. 263–278). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Charness, G., & Dufwenberg, M. (2006). Promises and partnership. Econometrica, 74, 1579–1601.
Collins, W. A., et al. (2009). Adolescent romantic relationships. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 631–652.
Cronk, L., & Dunham, B. (2007). Amounts spent on engagement rings reflect aspects of male and female mate quality. Human Nature, 18, 329–333.
Cuddy, A. J. C., et al. (2008). Warmth and competence as universal dimensions of social perception: The stereotype content model and the BIAS map. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 61–149.
Cyrus, K., et al. (2011). Systematic cognitive biases in courtship context: Women’s commitment-skepticism as a life-history strategy? Evolution and Human Behavior, 32, 13–20.
Del Giudice, M. (2009). Sex, attachment, and the development of reproductive strategies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 1–21.
Del Giudice, M. (2011). Sex differences in romantic attachment: A meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 193–214.
Drouin, M., & Landgraff, C. (2012). Texting, sexting, and attachment in college students’ romantic relationships. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 444–449.
Eastwick, P. W. (2013). The psychology of the pair-bond: Past and future contributions of close relationships research to evolutionary psychology. Psychological Inquiry, 24(3), 183–191.
Eastwick, P. W., & Hunt, L. L. (2014). Relational mate value: Consensus and uniqueness in romantic evaluations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106, 728–751.
Emery, L. F., et al. (2014). Can you tell than I’m in a relationship? Attachment and relationship visibility on Facebook. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 1466–1479.
Fessler, D. M. T., & Quintelier, K. (2013). Suicide bombers, weddings, and prison tattoos: An evolutionary perspective on subjective commitment and objective commitment. In K. Sterelny et al. (Eds.), Cooperation and its evolution (pp. 459–483). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Figueredo, A. J., et al. (2006). The ideal romantic partner personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 41(3), 431–441.
Fisher, H. E., et al. (2006). Romantic love: A mammalian brain system for romantic choice. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 361, 2173–2186.
Fletcher, G. J. O., et al. (2015). Pair-bonding, romantic love, and evolution: The curious case of Homo sapiens. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10, 20–36.
Flynn, F. J., & Adams, G. S. (2009). Money can’t buy love: Asymmetric beliefs about gift price and appreciation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 404–409.
Forster, J., et al. (2009). Why love has wings and sex has not: How reminders of love and sex influence creative and analytic thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 1479–1491.
Frank, R. H. (2011). The strategic role of the emotions. Emotion Review, 3, 252–254.
Gallace, A., & Spence, C. (2010). The science of interpersonal touch: An overview. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34, 246–259.
Galperin, A., & Haselton, M. (2010). Predictors of how often and when people fall in love. Evolutionary Psychology, 8(1), 5–28.
Gavrilets, S. (2012). Human origins and the transition from promiscuity to pair-bonding. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 109(25), 9923–9928.
Gino, F., & Flynn, F. J. (2011). Give them what they want: The benefits of explicitness in gift exchange. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 915–922.
Gonzaga, G., et al. (2001). Love and the commitment problem in romantic relations and friendship. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81(2), 247–262.
Gonzaga, G., et al. (2008). Love, desire, and the suppression of thoughts of romantic alternatives. Evolution and Human Behavior, 29, 119–126.
Gurven, M., et al. (2009). A bioeconomic approach to marriage and the sexual division of labor. Human Nature, 20(2), 151–183.
Haselton, M. G., & Buss, D. M. (2001). The affective shift hypothesis: The functions of emotional changes following sexual intercourse. Personal Relationships, 8(4), 357–369.
Henningsen, D. D., & Henningsen, M. L. M. (2010). Testing error management theory: Exploring the commitment skepticism bias and the sexual overperception bias. Human Communication Research, 36, 618–634.
Henrich, J., et al. (2012). The puzzle of monogamous marriage. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 367(1589), 657–669.
Holden, C. J., et al. (2014). Personality features and mate retention strategies: Honesty-humility and the willingness to manipulate, deceive, and exploit romantic partners. Personality and Individual Differences, 57, 31–36.
Hooper, A. E. C., et al. (2011). Testosterone and romance: The association of testosterone with relationship commitment and satisfaction in heterosexual men and women. American Journal of Human Biology, 23, 553–555.
Hughes, S. M., & Kruger, D. J. (2011). Sex differences in post-coital behaviors in long- and short-term mating: An evolutionary perspective. Journal of Sex Research, 48(5), 496–505.
Jerskey, B. A., et al. (2010). Marriage and divorce: A genetic perspective. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 473–478.
Joel, S., et al. (2013). Romantic relationships conceptualized as a judgment and decision-making domain. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22, 461–465.
Jonason, P. K., et al. (2009). Gift-giving as a courtship or mate-retention tactic? Insights from non-human models. Evolutionary Psychology, 7, 89–103.
Kampe, K. K. W., et al. (2001). Reward value of attractiveness and gaze: Making eye contact enhances the appeal of a pleasing face, irrespective of gender. Nature, 413, 589–589.
Kim, P., et al. (2014). Neural plasticity in fathers of human infants. Social Neuroscience, 9, 522–535.
Kruger, D. J. (2008). Young adults attempt exchanges in reproductively relevant currencies. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 204–212.
Larson, C. M., et al. (2013). Changes in women’s feelings about their romantic relationships across the ovulatory cycle. Hormones and Behavior, 63, 128–135.
Lemasson, A., et al. (2013). Age- and sex-dependent contact call usage in Japanese macaques. Primates, 54, 283–291.
Malouff, J. M., et al. (2014). Trait emotional intelligence and romantic relationship satisfaction: A meta-analysis. American Journal of Family Therapy, 42(1), 53–66.
Mascaro, J. S., et al. (2013). Testicular volume is inversely correlated with nurturing-related brain activity in human fathers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 110, 15746–15751.
McKibbin, W. F., et al. (2014). Men’s mate retention varies with men’s personality and their partner’s personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 62–67.
McNulty, J. K., & Widman, L. (2014). Sexual narcissism and infidelity in early marriage. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43(7), 1315–1325.
Muise, A., et al. (2014). Post-sex affectionate exchanges promote sexual and relationship satisfaction. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43(7), 1391–1402.
Nes, R. B., et al. (2010). Mates and marriage matter: Genetic and environmental influences on subjective wellbeing across marital status. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 13, 312–321.
Orosz, G., et al. (2015). Elevated romantic love and jealousy if relationship status is declared on Facebook. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, e214.
Paik, A., & Woodley, V. (2012). Symbols and investments as signals: Courtship behaviors in adolescent sexual relationships. Rationality and Society, 24, 3–36.
Perilloux, C., & Buss, D. M. (2008). Breaking up romantic relationships: Costs experienced and coping strategies deployed. Evolutionary Psychology, 6(1), 164–181.
Pillsworth, E. G., & Haselton, M. G. (2006). Women’s sexual strategies: The evolution of long-term bonds and extra-pair sex. Annual Review of Sex Research, 17, 59–100.
Pollmann, M. M. H., & van Beest, I. (2013). Women are better at selecting gifts than men. PLOS ONE, 8, e81643.
Quinlan, R. J. (2008). Human pair-bonds: Evolutionary functions, ecological variation, and adaptive development. Evolutionary Anthropology, 17(5), 227–238.
Sagarin, B. J., et al. (2012). Sex differences in jealousy: A meta-analytic examination. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 595–614.
Salkicevic, S., et al. (2014). Good mates retain us right: Investigating the relationship between mate retention strategies, mate value, and relationship satisfaction. Evolutionary Psychology, 12, 1038–1052.
Scheele, D., et al. (2013). Oxytocin enhances brain reward system responses in men viewing the face of their female partner. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 110, 20308–20313.
Schilbach, L., et al. (2013). Toward a second-person neuroscience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 393–414.
Schmitt, D. P., et al. (2009). When will I feel love? The effects of culture, personality, and gender on the psychological tendency to love. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 830–846.
Schneiderman, I., et al. (2014). Mutual influences between partners’ hormones shape conflict dialog and relationship duration at the initiation of romantic love. Social Neuroscience, 9, 337–351.
Schön, Regine A., & Silvén, M. (2007). Natural parenting: Back to basics in infant care. Evolutionary Psychology, 5, 102–183.
Senju, A., & Johnson, M. H. (2009). The eye contact effect: Mechanisms and development. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 127–134.
Seymour, R. M., & Sozou, P. D. (2009). Duration of courtship effort as a costly signal. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 256, 1–13.
Stiver, K. A., & Alonzo, S. H. (2009). Parental and mating effort: Is there necessarily a trade-off? Ethology, 115, 1101–1126.
Tazzyman, S. J., et al. (2012). Fixed and dilutable benefits: Female choice for good genes or fertility. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 279, 334–340.
Van Anders, S. M., et al. (2013). Descriptive experiences and sexual vs. nurturant aspects of cuddling between adult romantic partners. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 553–560.
Van Steenbergen, H., et al. (2014). Reduced cognitive control in passionate lovers. Motivation and Emotion, 38, 444–450.
Webster, G. D., et al. (2015). An investment model of sociosexuality, relationship satisfaction, and commitment: Evidence from dating, engaged, and newlywed couples. Journal of Research in Personality, 55, 112–126.
Winegard, B. M., et al. (2014). Grief functions as an honest indicator of commitment. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 18, 168–186.
Wlodarski, R., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2014). The effects of romantic love on mentalizing abilities. Review of General Psychology, 18, 313–321.
Wlodarski, R., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2014). What’s in a kiss? The effect of romantic kissing on mate desirability. Evolutionary Psychology, 12, 178–199.
Zeifman, D. M., & Ma, J. E. (2013). Experimental examination of women’s selection criteria for sperm donors versus life partners. Personal Relationships, 20, 311–327.
Zietsch, B. P., et al. (2015). Genetic analysis of human extrapair mating: Heritability, between-sex correlation, and receptor genes for vasopressin and oxytocin. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 130–136.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. F. (2007). Sexual selection for moral virtues. Quarterly Review of Biology, 82(2), 97–125.

Chapter 15: Find the Right Mating Markets

Popular Books

Bishop, B. (2009). The big sort. New York: Mariner Books.
Florida, R. (2009). Who’s your city? New York: Basic Books.
Frank, R. H. (2008). The economic naturalist. New York: Basic Books.
Frank, R. H. (2011). The Darwin economy: Liberty, competition, and the common good. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Frank, R. H. (2014). Microeconomics and behavior (9th Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Moretti, E. (2013). The new geography of jobs. New York: Mariner Books.
Speck, J. (2013). Walkable city. New York: North Point Press.
Weiner, E. (2009). The geography of bliss. New York: Twelve.
Woodard, C. (2012). American nations: A history of the eleven rival regional cultures of North America. New York: Penguin.

Academic Papers and Essays

Anderson, G., & Leo, T. W. (2013). An empirical examination of matching theories: The one child policy, partner choice, and matching intensity in urban China. Journal of Comparative Economics, 41, 468–489.
Antfolk, J., et al. (2015). Women’s and men’s sexual preferences and activities with respect to the partner’s age: Evidence for female choice. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 73–79.
Aquino, K., et al. (2014). Social sexual behavior at work. Research in Organizational Behavior, 34, 217–236.
Barber, N. (2011). Marriage markets and mating aggression help explain societal differences in violent crime. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 16, 420–427.
Blackwell, D. L., & Lichter, D. T. (2004). Homogamy among dating, cohabiting, and married couples. Sociological Quarterly, 45, 719–737.
Burdette, A. M., et al. (2009). “Hooking up” at college: Does religion make a difference? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 48, 535–551.
Carmalt, J. H., et al. (2008). Body weight and matching with a physically attractive romantic partner. Journal of Marriage and Family, 70, 1287–1296.
Creanza, N., et al. (2012). Models of niche construction with selection and assortative mating. PLOS ONE, 4, e42722.
Dani, S., et al. (2013). Pairomics, the omics way to mate choice. Journal of Human Genetics, 58, 643–656.
Domingue, B. W., et al. (2014). Genetic and educational assortative mating among US adults. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 111, 7996–8000.
Durante, K. D., et al. (2012). Sex ratio and women’s career choice: Does a scarcity of men lead women to choose briefcase over baby? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103, 121–134.
Eastwick, P. W., et al. (2014). The predictive validity of ideal partner preferences: A review and meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 623–665.
Ellingson, S., et al. (2004). The theory of sex markets. In E. O. Laumann et al. (Eds.), The sexual organization of the city (pp. 3–38). Chicago: University Chicago Press.
Griskevicius, V., et al. (2012). The financial consequences of too many men: Sex ratio effects on saving, borrowing, and spending. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 69–80.
Guo, G., et al. (2014). Genomic assortative mating in marriages in the United States. PLOS ONE, 9, e112322.
Hahn, A. C., et al. (2014). Sex ratio influences the motivational salience of facial attractiveness. Biology Letters, 10, 20140148.
Kandrik, M., et al. (2015). Scarcity of female mates predicts regional variation in men’s and women’s sociosexual orientation across US states. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 206-210.
Kashyap, R., et al. (2015). Potential (mis)match? Marriage markets amidst sociodemographic change in India, 2005–2050. Demography, 52, 183–208.
Kokko, H., & Jennions, M. (2008). Parental investment, sexual selection and sex ratios. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 21, 919–948.
Kokko, H., & Rankin, D. J. (2006). Lonely hearts of sex in the city? Density-dependent effects in mating systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 361, 319–334.
Koyama, N. F., et al. (2012). Supply and demand predict male grooming of swollen females in captive chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes. Animal Behavior, 84, 1419–1425.
Kruger, D. J. (2009). When men are scarce, good men are even harder to find: Life history, the sex ratio, and the proportion of men married. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 3, 93–104.
Lenton, A. P., et al. (2009). The relationship between number of potential mates and mating skew in humans. Animal Behavior, 77, 55–60.
Lukazewski, A. W. (2013). Testing an adaptationist theory of trait covariation: Relative bargaining power as a common calibrator of an interpersonal syndrome. European Journal of Personality, 27, 328–345.
Luo, S. H., & Klohnen, E. C. (2005). Assortative mating and marital quality in newlyweds: A couple-centered approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 304–326.
McClintock, E. A. (2014). Beauty and status: The illusion of exchange in partner selection? American Sociology Review, 79, 575–604.
Noe, R., & Hammerstein, P. (1994). Biological markets: Supply-and-demand determine the effect of partner choice in cooperation, mutualism, and mating. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 35, 1–11.
Noe, R., & Voekl, B. (2013). Cooperation and biological markets: The power of partner choice. In K. Sterelny et al. (Eds.), Cooperation and its evolution (pp. 131–151). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Pollet, T. V., & Nettle, D. (2008). Driving a hard bargain: Sex ratio and male marriage success in a historical US population. Biology Letters, 4, 31–33.
Regnerus, M. (2012). Mating market dynamics, sex-ratio imbalances, and their consequences. Society, 49, 500–505.
Rendell, L., et al. (2011). Runaway cultural niche construction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 366, 823–835.
Schmitt, D. P. (2005). Sociosexuality from Argentina to Zimbabwe: A 48-nation study of sex, culture, and strategies of human mating. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28, 247–311.
Schwartz, C. R. (2013). Trends and variation in assortative mating: Causes and consequences. Annual Review of Sociology, 39, 451–470.
Siow, A. (2008). How does the marriage market clear? An empirical framework. Canadian Journal of Economics, 41, 1121–1155.
South, S. J., & Trent, K. (2011). Imbalanced sex ratios, men’s sexual behavior, and STI risk in China. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51, 376–390.
Stone, E. A., et al. (2007). Sex ratio and mate preferences: A cross-cultural investigation. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 288–296.
Taylor, L. D. (2012). Cads and dads on screen: Do media representations of partner scarcity affect partner preferences among college-aged women? Communication Research, 39, 523–542.
Todd, P. M., et al. (2013). Modeling reproductive decisions with simple heuristics. Demographic Research, 29, 641–662.
Trent, K., et al. (2015). The consequences of India’s male surplus for women’s partnering and sexual experiences. Journal of Family Issues, 36, 1062–1086.
Watson, D., et al. (2004). Match makers and deal breakers: Analyses of assortative mating in newlywed couples. Journal of Personality, 72, 1029–1068.
Wilson, F. (2015). Romantic relationships at work: Why love can hurt. International Journal of Management Reviews, 17, 1–19.
Wood, D., & Brumbaugh, C. C. (2009). Using revealed mate preferences to evaluate market force and differential preference explanations for mate selection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 1226–1244.

Chapter 16: Beggars Must Be Choosers (Mate Preferences)

Popular Books

Kreisman, J. J., & Straus, H. (2010). I hate you—don’t leave me: Understanding the borderline personality. New York: Perigree.
Navarro, J. (2014). Dangerous personalities. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.
Tashiro, T. (2014). The science of happily ever after. Ontario, Canada: Harlequin.
Smith, H. (2014). Men on strike: Why men are boycotting marriage, fatherhood, and the American Dream. New York: Encounter Books.

Academic Papers and Essays

Ariely, D., & Loewenstein, G. (2006). The heat of the moment: The effect of sexual arousal on decision making. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 19, 87–98.
Bauer, I. L. (2014). Romance tourism or female sex tourism? Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 12, 20–28.
Billari, F. C., et al. (2011). Social age deadlines for the childbearing of women and men. Human Reproduction, 26, 616–622.
Borgerhoff Mulder, M., & Rauch, K. L. (2009). Sexual conflict in humans: Variations and solutions. Evolutionary Anthropology, 18, 201–214.
Busby, D. M., et al. (2013). Sowing wild oats: Valuable experience or a field full of weeds? Personal Relationships, 20, 706–718.
Campbell, A. (2008). The morning after the night before: Affective reactions to one-night stands among mated and unmated women and men. Human Nature, 19, 157–173.
Cloud, J. M., & Perilloux, C. (2014). Bodily attractiveness as a window to women’s fertility and reproductive value. In V. A. Weekes-Shackelford & T. Shackelford (Eds.), Evolutionary perspectives on human sexual psychology and behavior (pp. 135–152). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Clutton-Brock, T. (2007). Sexual selection in males and females. Science, 318, 1882–1885.
Confer, J. C., et al. (2010). More than just a pretty face: Men’s priority shifts toward bodily attractiveness in short-term versus long-term mating contexts. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 348–353.
Daniluk, J. C., et al. (2012). Childless women’s knowledge of fertility and assisted human reproduction: Identifying the gaps. Fertility and Sterility, 97, 420–426.
Davison, S. L. (2012). Hypoactive sexual desire disorder. Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology, 24, 215–220.
Donnellan, M. B., et al. (2004). The Big Five and enduring marriages. Journal of Research in Personality, 38(5), 481–504.
Edward, D. A., & Chapman, T. (2011). The evolution and significance of male mate choice. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 26, 647–654.
Fraccaro, P. J., et al. (2010). Correlated male preferences for femininity in female faces and voices. Evolutionary Psychology, 8, 447–461.
Furnham, A. (2009). Sex differences in mate selection preferences. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(4), 262–267.
Furnham, A., & Trickey, G. (2011). Sex differences in the dark side traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 517–522.
Haselton, M. G., & Gildersleeve, K. (2011). Can men detect ovulation? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 87–91
Herpertz, S. C., & Bertsch, K. (2014). The social-cognitive basis of personality disorders. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 27, 73–77.
Jaeger, M. M. (2011). “A thing of beauty is a joy forever”? Returns to physical attractiveness over the life course. Social Forces, 89, 983–1003.
Jasienska, G., et al. (2004). Large breasts and narrow waists indicate high reproductive potential in women. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 271, 1213–1217.
Jonason, P. K., et al. (2009). The “booty call”: A compromise between men’s and women’s ideal mating strategies. Journal of Sex Research, 46, 460–470.
Koziel, S., et al. (2010). Tattoo and piercing as signals of biological quality. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31, 187–192.
Lambert, N. M., et al. (2014). Thin slices of infidelity: Determining whether observers can pick out cheaters from a video clip interaction and what tips them off. Personal Relationships, 21, 612–619.
Leichsenring, F., et al. (2011). Borderline personality disorder. Lancet, 377, 74–84.
Lukazewksi, A. W., et al. (2014). Condition-dependent calibration of men’s uncommitted mating orientation: Evidence from multiple samples. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35(4), 319–326.
Mark, K. (2012). The relative impact of individual sexual desire and couple desire discrepancy on satisfaction in heterosexual couples. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 27, 133–146.
Mobius, M. M., & Rosenblat, T. S. (2006). Why beauty matters. American Economic Review, 96, 222–235.
Owen J., & Fincham, F. D. (2010). Young adults’ emotional reactions after hooking up encounters. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 321–330.
Russell, V. M., & McNulty, J. K. (2011). Frequent sex protects intimates from the negative implications of their neuroticism. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 220–227.
Sandberg-Thoma, S. E., & Dush, C. M. J. (2014). Casual sexual relationships and mental health in adolescence and emerging adulthood. Journal of Sex Research, 51, 121–130.
Simpson, V. J., et al. (2014). Evidence to suggest that women’s sexual behavior is influenced by hip width rather than waist-to-hip ratio. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43, 1367–1371.
Smith, A., et al. (2011). Sexual and relationship satisfaction among heterosexual men and women: The importance of desired frequency of sex. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 37, 104–115.
Stillman, T. F., & Maner, J. K. (2009). A sharp eye for her SOI: Perception and misperception of female sociosexuality at zero acquaintance. Evolution and Human Behavior, 30, 124–130.
Stulhofer, A., et al. (2014). Emotional intimacy, sexual desire, and sexual satisfaction among partnered heterosexual men. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 29, 229–244.
Swami, V. (2012). Written on the body? Individual differences between British adults who do and do not obtain a first tattoo. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 53, 407–412.
Taylor, S. E. (2006). Tend and befriend: Biobehavioral bases of affiliation under stress. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 273–277.
Tobias, J. A., et al. (2012). The evolution of female ornaments and weaponry: Social selection, sexual selection, and ecological competition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B, 367, 2274–2293.
Townsend, J. M., et al. (2011). Sexual hookups among college students: Sex differences in emotional reactions. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 1173–1181.
Vrangalova, Z., & Ong, D. (2014). Who benefits from casual sex? The moderating role of sociosexuality. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 883–891.
Weichselbaumer, D. (2012). Sex, romance, and the carnivalesque between female tourists and Caribbean men. Tourism Management, 33, 1220–1229.
Willoughby, B. J., & Vitas, J. (2012). Sexual desire discrepancy: The effect of individual differences in desired and actual sexual frequency on dating couples. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 477–486.
Wohlrab, S., et al. (2007). Differences in personality characteristics between body-modified and non-modified individuals: Associations with individual personality traits and their possible evolutionary implications. European Journal of Personality, 21, 931–951.
Wyndham, N., et al. (2012). A persistent misperception: Assisted reproductive technology can reverse the “aged biological clock.” Fertility and Sterility, 97, 1044–1047.

Geoff’s Work

Hooper, P., & Miller, G. F. (2008). Mutual mate choice can drive ornament evolution even under perfect monogamy. Adaptive Behavior, 16(1), 53–70.
Miller, G. F. (2011, April 27). Genes fit for a queen: How Kate won her mate. New Scientist, 210, 38–39.
Miller, G. F. (2013). Mutual mate choice models as the red pill in evolutionary psychology: Long delayed, much needed, ideologically challenging, and hard to swallow. Psychological Inquiry, 24, 207–210.

Chapter 17: Meeting the Women You Want

Popular Books

Adshade, M. (2013). Dollars and sex. San Francisco: Chronicle Books.
Bogle, K. A. (2008). Hooking up: Sex, dating, and relationships on campus. New York: New York University Press.
Boyd, D. (2015). It’s complicated: The social lives of networked teens. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Chambers, D. (2013). Social media and personal relationships. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Pinker, S. (2014). The sense of style: The thinking person’s guide to writing in the 21st century. New York: Viking.
Regnerus, M., & Uecker, J. (2011). Premarital sex in America. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rudder, C. (2014). Dataclysm: Who we are when we think no one’s looking. New York: Crown.
Slater, D. (2014). A million first dates: Solving the puzzle on online dating. Rancho Santa Margarita, CA: Current Publishing.
Turkle, S. (2012). Alone together: Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. New York: Basic Books.
Webb, A. (2014). Data, a love story: How I cracked the online dating code to meet my match. New York: Plume.

Academic Papers and Essays

Aditi, P. (2014). Is online better than offline for meeting partners? Depends: Are you looking to marry or to date? Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 664–667.
Asendorpf, J. B., et al. (2011). From dating to mating and relating: Predictors of initial and long-term outcomes of speed-dating in a community sample. European Journal of Personality, 25, 16–30.
Berrios, R., et al. (2015). Why do you make us feel good? Correlates and interpersonal consequences of affective presence in speed-dating. European Journal of Personality, 29, 72–82.
Blackhart, G. C., et al. (2014). Dispositional factors predicting use of online dating sites and behaviors related to online dating. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 113–118.
Brand, R. J., et al. (2012). What is beautiful is good, even online: Correlations between photo attractiveness and text attractiveness in men’s online dating profiles. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 166–170.
Cacioppo, J. T., et al. (2013). Marital satisfaction and break-ups differ across on-line and off-line meeting venues. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 110, 10135–10140.
Cali, B. E., et al. (2013). Stranger danger? Women’s self-protection intent and the continuing stigma of online dating. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 16, 853–857.
Carpentier, F. R., et al. (2014). When first comes love (or lust): How romantic and sexual cues bias first impressions in online social networking. Journal of Social Psychology, 154, 423–440.
Doering, N. M. (2009). The Internet’s impact on sexuality: A critical review of 15 years of research. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 1089–1101.
Eastwick, P. W., & Finkel, E. J. (2008). Sex differences in mate preferences revisited: Do people know what they initially desire in a romantic partner? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 245–264.
Finkel, E. J., & Eastwick, P. W. (2008). Speed-dating. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 193–197.
Finkel, E. J., et al. (2012). Online dating: A critical analysis from the perspective of psychological science. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 13, 3–66.
Garcia, J. R., et al. (2012). Sexual hookup culture: A review. Review of General Psychology, 16, 161–176.
Gibbs, J. K., et al. (2011). First comes love, then comes Google: An investigation of uncertainty reduction strategies and self-disclosure in online dating. Communication Research, 38, 70–100.
Goetz, C. D. (2013). What do women’s advertised mate preferences reveal? An analysis of video dating profiles. Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 383–391.
Guadagno, R. E., et al. (2012). Dating deception: Gender, online dating, and exaggerated self-presentation. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 642–647.
Hall, J. A. (2014). First comes social networking, then comes marriage? Characteristics of Americans married 2005–2012 who met through social networking sites. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 322–326.
Hall, J. A., et al. (2010). Strategic misrepresentation in online dating: The effects of gender, self-monitoring, and personality traits. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 27, 117–135.
Hendrie, C. A., et al. (2009). Evidence to suggest that nightclubs function as human sexual display grounds. Behaviour, 146, 1331–1348.
Klofstad, C. A., et al. (2012). Do bedroom eyes wear political glasses? The role of politics in human mate attraction. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 100–108.
Klofstad, C. A., et al. (2013). The dating preferences of liberals and conservatives. Political Behavior, 35, 519–538.
Kreager, D. A., et al. (2014). “Where have all the good men gone?” Gendered interactions in online dating. Journal of Marriage and Family, 76, 387–410.
Kurzban, R., & Weeden, J. (2007). Do advertised preferences predict the behavior of speed daters? Personal Relationships, 14, 623–632.
Lee, A. J., et al. (2014). A multivariate approach to human mate preferences. Evolution and Human Behavior, 35, 193–203.
Lenton, A., et al. (2008). “Shopping” for a mate: Expected versus experience preferences in online mate choice. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communications, 51, 169–182.
Lenton, A., & Francesconi, M. (2010). How humans cognitively manage an abundance of mate options. Psychological Science, 21, 528–533.
Olmstead, S. B., et al. (2013). Hooking up and penetrative hookups: Correlates that differentiate college men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 573–583.
Perilloux, C., et al. (2013). Women’s physical attractiveness and short-term mating strategies. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 490–495.
Place, S. S., et al. (2012). Judging romantic interest of others from thin slices is a cross-cultural ability. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 547–550.
Reiber, C., & Garcia, J. R. (2010). Hooking up: Gender differences, evolution, and pluralistic ignorance. Evolutionary Psychology, 8, 390–404.
Rosenfeld, M. J., & Thomas, R. J. (2012). Searching for a mate: The rise of the Internet as a social intermediary. American Sociological Review, 77, 523–547.
Stulp, G., et al. (2013). The height of choosiness: Mutual mate choice for stature results in suboptimal pair formation for both sexes. Animal Behavior, 86, 37–46.
Tifferet, S., & Vilnai-Yavetz, I. (2014). Gender differences in Facebook self-presentation: An international randomized study. Computers in Human Behavior, 35, 388–399.
Todd, P. M., et al. (2007). Different cognitive processes underlie human mate choices and mate preferences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104, 15011–15016.
Valentine, K. A., et al. (2014). Judging a man by the width of his face: The role of facial ratios and dominance in mate choice at speed-dating events. Psychological Science, 25, 806–811.

Geoff’s Work

Todd, P.M., & Miller, G. F. (1999). From pride and prejudice to persuasion: Satisficing in mate search. In G. Gigerenzer & P. Todd (Eds.), Simple heuristics that make us smart (pp. 286–308). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Chapter 18: Talking to Women

Popular Books

Cabane, O. (2013). The charisma myth. New York: Crown Business.
Carnegie, D. (1990). How to win friends and influence people. DCH Press.
Cialdini, R. (2007). Influence. New York: Crown Business.
Dreeke, R. (2011). It’s not all about me. CreateSpace.
Ekman, P. (2007). Emotions revealed. New York: Holt.
Epley, N. (2014). Mindwise. New York: Basic Books.
Gottschall, J. (2013). The storytelling animal. New York: Mariner Books.
Goulston, M. (2009). Just listen. New York: Random House.
Lieberman, M. (2012). Social. New York: Little, Brown.
Navarro, J. (2008). What every body is saying. New York: Harper Perennial.
Tannen, D. (2007). You just don’t understand: Women and men in conversation. New York: William Morrow.
Tannen, D. (2011). That’s not what I meant! New York: Basic Books.
Thompson, G. J., & Jenkins, J. B. (2013). Verbal judo: The gentle art of persuasion. New York: William Morrow.
Wassmer, A. C. (1978). Making contact. New York: Dial Press.

Academic Books

Boyd, B. (2009). On the origin of stories. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Burling, R. (2005). The talking ape. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dessalles, J.-L. (2007). Why we talk: The evolutionary origins of language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fitch, W. T. (2010). The evolution of language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gottschall, J., & Wilson, D. S. (Eds.). (2005). The literary animal. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Pinker, S. (2008). The stuff of thought: Language as a window into human nature. New York: Penguin.
Toye, R. (2013). Rhetoric: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Academic Papers and Essays

Bale, C., et al. (2006). Chat-up lines as male sexual displays. Personality and Individual Differences, 40(4), 655–664.
Coyle, J. M., & Kaschak, M. P. (2012). Female fertility affects men’s linguistic choices. PLOS ONE, 7, e27971.
Dunbar, R. I. M. (2004). Gossip in evolutionary perspective. Review of General Psychology, 8(2), 100–110.
Eriksson, M., et al. (2012). Differences between girls and boys in emerging language skills: Evidence from 10 language communities. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 30, 326–343.
Feinberg, M., et al. (2012). The virtues of gossip: Reputational information sharing as prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102(5), 1015–1030.
Frisby, B. N., et al. (2011). Flirtatious communication: An experimental examination of perceptions of social-sexual communication motivated by evolutionary forces. Sex Roles, 64, 682–694.
Gersick, A., & Kurzban, R. (2014). Covert sexual signaling: Human flirtation and implications for other social species. Evolutionary Psychology, 12, 549–569.
Ireland, M. E., et al. (2011). Language style matching predicts relationship initiation and stability. Psychological Science, 22, 39–44.
Kuefner, A. C. P., et al. (2010). Tell me a story and I will tell you who you are! Lens model analyses of personality and creative writing. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 427–435.
Lange, B. P., et al. (2014). Words won’t fail: Experimental evidence on the role of verbal proficiency in mate choice. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 33, 482–499.
Lange, B. P., & Euler, H. A. (2014). Writers have groupies, too: High-quality literature production and mating success. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 8, 20–30.
Leaper, C., & Ayres, M. M. (2007). A meta-analytic review of gender variations in adults’ language use: Talkativeness, affiliative speech, and assertive speech. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 11, 328–363.
Locke, J. L., & Bogin, B. (2006). Language and life history: A new perspective on the development and evolution of human language. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29(3), 259–280.
MacCann, C., et al. (2014). Emotional intelligence is a second-stratum factor of intelligence: Evidence from hierarchical and bifactor models. Emotion, 14, 358–374.
Mar, R., & Oatley, K. (2008). The function of fiction is the abstraction and simulation of social experience. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 173–192.
McAbee, S. T., & Oswald, F. L. (2013). The criterion-related validity of personality measures of predicting GPA: A meta-analytic validity competition. Psychological Assessment, 25, 532–544.
Newman, M. L., et al. (2008). Gender differences in language use: An analysis of 14,000 text samples. Discourse Processes, 45, 211–236.
Pennebaker, J. W., et al. (2003). Psychological aspects of natural language use: Our words, our selves. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 547–577.
Pinker, S., et al. (2008). The logic of indirect speech. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105(3), 833–838.
Pisanski, K., et al. (2014). Vocal indicators of body size in men and women: A meta-analysis. Animal Behaviour, 95, 89–99.
Puts, D. A., et al. (2012). Sexual selection on human faces and voices. Journal of Sex Research, 49, 227–243.
Rosen, M., & López, H. (2009). Menstrual cycle shifts in attentional bias for courtship language. Evolution and Human Behavior, 30, 131–140.
Rosenberg, J., & Tunney, R. J. (2008). Human vocabulary use as display. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 538–549.
Schwartz, H. A., et al. (2013). Personality, gender, and age in the language of social media: The open-vocabulary approach. PLOS ONE, 8, e73791.
Senko, C., & Fyffe, V. (2010). An evolutionary perspective on effective vs. ineffective pick-up lines. Journal of Social Psychology, 150, 648–667.
Smith, E. A. (2010). Communication and collective action: Language and the evolution of human cooperation. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31(4), 231–245.
Sprecher, S., et al. (2013). Taking turns: Reciprocal self-disclosure promotes liking in initial interactions. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 860–866.
Stromswold, K. (2001). The heritability of language: A review and meta-analysis of twin, adoption, and linkage studies. Language, 77, 647–723.
Sugiyama, M. S. (2011). The forager oral tradition and the evolution of prolonged juvenility. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, e133.
Toma, C. L., & Hancock, J. T. (2012). What lies beneath: The linguistic traces of deception in online dating profiles. Journal of Communication, 62, 78–92.
Tskhay, K. O., & Rule, N. O. (2014). Perceptions of personality in text-based media and OSN: A meta-analysis. Journal of Research in Personality, 49, 25–30.

Geoff’s Work

Miller, G. F. (2000). Cyrano and Scheherazade. In G. F. Miller, The mating mind (pp. 341–391). New York: Doubleday.
Miller, G. F. (2002). How did language evolve? In H. Swain (Ed.), Big questions in science (pp. 79–90). London: Jonathan Cape.
Miller, G. F., et al. (2012). The heritability and genetic correlates of mobile phone use: A twin study of consumer behaviour. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 15(1), 97–106.

Chapter 19: Dating Women

Popular Books

Behrendt, G., & Ruotola, A. (2013). It’s just a f***ing date. New York: Diversion Books.
Burton, N. (2011). The little black book of big red flags. Avon, MA: Adams Media.
Gray, C. (2011). From shy to social: The shy man’s guide to personal & dating success. Sunbow Press.
Gray, J. (2005). Mars and Venus on a date. New York: Harper Perennial.
Kinrys, M. (2013). Get inside her: Dirty dating tips & secrets from a woman. Grayslake, IL: Velocity House.
Pease, B., & Pease, N. (2006). The definitive book of body language. New York: Bantam.

Academic Papers and Essays

Alley, T. R., et al. (2013). Courtship feeding in humans? The effects of feeding versus providing food on perceived attraction and intimacy. Human Nature, 24, 430–443.
Beall, A. T., & Tracy, J. L. (2013). Women are more likely to wear red or pink at peak fertility. Psychological Science, 24, 1837–1841.
Cantu, S. M., et al. (2014). Fertile and selectively flirty: Women’s behavior toward men changes across the ovulatory cycle. Psychological Science, 25, 431–438.
Dunbar, R. I. M. (2010). The social role of touch in humans and primates: Behavioral function and neurobiological mechanisms. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34(2), 260–268.
Durante, K. M., et al. (2008). Changes in women’s choice of dress across the ovulatory cycle: Naturalistic and laboratory task-based evidence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1451–1460.
Elliot, A. J., et al. (2013). Women’s use of red clothing as a sexual signal in intersexual interaction. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 599–602.
Grammer, K., et al. (2004). Disco clothing, female sexual motivation, and relationship status: Is she dressed to impress? Journal of Sex Research, 41, 66–74.
Hall, J. A., & Canterberry, M. (2011). Sexism and assertive courtship strategies. Sex Roles, 65, 840–853.
Jonason, P. K., et al. (2015). Who engages in serious and casual sex relationships? An individual differences perspective. Personality and Individual Differences, 75, 205–209.
Monto, M. A., & Carey, A. G. (2014). A new standard of sexual behavior? Are claims associated with the “hookup culture” supported by General Social Survey data? Journal of Sex Research, 51, 605–615.
Oesch, N., & Miklousic, I. (2012). The dating mind: Evolutionary psychology and the emerging science of human courtship. Evolutionary Psychology, 10, 899–909.
Roennedal, D. (2015). The golden rule and the platinum rule. Journal of Value Inquiry, 49, 221–236.
Snapp, S., et al. (2015). The upside to hooking up: College students’ positive hookup experiences. International Journal of Sexual Health, 27, 43–56.

Chapter 20: Having Sex

Popular Books

Bering, J. (2014). Perv: The sexual deviant in all of us. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.
Comella, L., & Tarrant, S. (Eds.) (2015). New views on pornography. New York: Praeger.
Daedone, N. (2011). Slow sex: The art and craft of the female orgasm. New York: Grand Central Publishing.
De Botton, A. (2012). How to think more about sex. New York: Picador.
Easton, D., & Hardy, J. W. (2009). The ethical slut. Berkeley, CA: Celestial Arts.
Friedman, D. M. (2001). A mind of its own: A cultural history of the penis. New York: Penguin.
Hartley, N. (2006). Nina Hartley’s guide to total sex. New York: Avery Trade.
Joannides, P. (2009). The guide to getting it on (6th Ed). Waldport, OR: Goofy Foot Press.
Judson, O. (2003). Dr. Tatiana’s sex advice to all creation. New York: Vintage.
Kerner, I. (2010). She comes first: The thinking man’s guide to pleasuring a woman. New York: William Morrow.
Kirschenbaum, S. (2011). The science of kissing. New York: Grand Central Publishing.
Klein, M. (2012). Sexual intelligence. New York: HarperOne.
Maier, T. (2013). Masters of sex. New York: Basic Books.
Makai, M. (2013). Domination and submission: The BDSM relationship handbook. CreateSpace.
Martin, R. (2013). How we do it. New York: Basic Books.
Meston, C. M., & Buss, D. M. (2009). Why women have sex. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin.
Murray, C. (2004). Human accomplishment. Washington, DC: AEI Press.
Nagoski, E. (2015). Come as you are. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Ogas, O., & Gaddam, S. (2012). A billion wicked thoughts. New York: Plume.
Roach, M. (2009). Bonk: The curious coupling of science and sex. New York: W. W. Norton.
Taormino, T. (Ed.). (2012). The ultimate guide to kink, BDSM, role play, and the erotic edge. Berkeley, CA: Cleis Press.
Taormino, T. (Ed.). (2013). The feminist porn book. New York: City University of New York Press.
Thomas, K., & Thomas, K. (2005). The modern Kama Sutra. Boston: Da Capo Press.
Warren, J., & Warren, L. (2008). The loving dominant (3rd Ed.). Emeryville, CA: Greenery Press.
Wolf, N. (2009). Vagina: A new biography. New York: HarperCollins.

Academic Papers and Essays

Bahk, J. Y., et al. (2010). Cut-off value of testes volume in young adults and correlation among testes volume, body mass index, hormonal level, and seminal profiles. Urology, 75, 1318–1323.
Baker, R. R., & Bellis, M. A. (1993). Human sperm competition: Ejaculate adjustment by males and the function of masturbation. Animal Behaviour, 46, 861–885.
Burri, A. V., et al. (2010). Genetic and environmental influences on self-reported G-spots in women: A twin study. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7, 1842–1852.
Chivers, M. L., et al. (2010). Agreement of self-reported and genital measures of sexual arousal in men and women: A meta-analysis. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 5–56.
Costa, R. M., & Brody, S. (2007). Women’s relationship quality is associated with specifically penile-vaginal intercourse orgasm and frequency. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 33, 319–327.
Das, A., et al. (2009). Masturbation in urban China. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 38, 108–120.
De Jong, P. J., et al. (2013). Giving in to arousal or staying stuck in disgust? Disgust-based mechanisms in sex and sexual dysfunction. Journal of Sex Research, 50(3–4), 247–262.
Diamond, M. (2009). Pornography, public acceptance, and sex-related crime: A review. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 32, 304–314.
Dubuc, C., et al. (2013). Effect of mating activity and dominance rank on male masturbation among free-ranging male rhesus macaques. Ethology, 119, 1006–1013.
Eberhard, W. G. (2010). Evolution of genitalia: Theories, evidence, and new directions. Genetica, 138(1), 5–18.
Ellsworth, R. M., & Bailey, D. H. (2013). Human female orgasm as evolved signal: A test of two hypotheses. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 1545–1554.
Harden, K. P. (2014). A sex-positive framework for research on adolescent sexuality. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9, 455–469.
Hawley, P. H., & Hensley, W. A. (2009). Social dominance and forceful submission fantasies: Feminine pathology or power? Journal of Sex Research, 46, 568–585.
Herbenick, D., et al. (2010). Sexual behavior in the United States: Results from a national probability sample of men and women ages 14–94. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7, 255–265.
Herbenick, D., et al. (2014). Erect penile length and circumference dimensions of 1,661 sexually active men in the United States. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 11, 93–101.
Imhoff, R., & Schmidt, A. F. (2014). Sexual disinhibition under sexual arousal: Evidence for domain specificity in men and women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 43, 1123–1136.
Jannini, E. A., et al. (2014). Beyond the G-spot: Clitourethrovaginal complex anatomy in female orgasm. Nature Reviews Urology, 11, 531–538.
Jensen, T. K., et al. (2009). Good semen quality and life expectancy: A cohort study of 43,277 men. American Journal of Epidemiology, 170, 559–565.
Josephs, L. (2015). How children learn about sex: A cross-species and cross-cultural analysis. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 44, 1059–1069.
Jozifkova, E., et al. (2012). Evolutional background of dominance/submissivity in sex and bondage: The two strategies? Neuroendocrinology Letters, 33, 636–642.
Kaestle, C. E., & Allen, K. R. (2011). The role of masturbation in healthy sexual development: Perceptions of young adults. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40, 983–994.
Kayes, O., et al. (2012). Therapeutic strategies for patients with micropenis or penile dysmorphic disorder. Nature Reviews Urology, 9, 499–507.
Kelly, C. D., & Jennions, M. D. (2011). Sexual selection and sperm quantity: Meta-analyses of strategic ejaculation. Biological Reviews, 86, 863–884.
Kilchevsky, A., et al. (2012). Is the female G-spot truly a distinct anatomic entity? Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9, 719–726.
King, R., & Belsky, J. (2012). A typological approach to testing the evolutionary functions of human female orgasm. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 41, 1145–1160.
Kokko, H., & Jennions, M. D. (2014). The relationship between sexual selection and sexual conflict. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 6, a017517.
Landripet, I., & Stulhofer, A. (in press). Is pornography use associated with sexual difficulties and dysfunctions among younger heterosexual men? Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Lange, R., et al. (2013). Functions, diversity, and evolution of traumatic mating. Biological Reviews, 88, 585–601.
Leivers, S., et al. (2014). Context-dependent relationship between a composite measure of men’s mate value and ejaculate quality. Behavioral Ecology, 25, 1115–1122.
Levin, R. (2007). Sexual activity, health and well-being: The beneficial roles of coitus and masturbation. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 22, 135–148.
Lyons, Michael J., et al. (2004). A twin study of sexual behavior in men. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 33, 129–136.
Mautz, B. S., et al. (2013). Penis size interacts with body shape and height to influence male attractiveness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 110(17), 6925–6930.
McKibbin, W. F., et al. (2010). Risk of sperm competition moderates the relationship between men’s satisfaction with their partner and men’s interest in their partner’s copulatory orgasm. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 961–966.
McKibbin, W. F., et al. (2013). Human sperm competition in postindustrial ecologies: Sperm competition cues predict adult DVD sales. Behavioral Ecology, 24, 819–823.
Michalakis, K., et al. (2013). The complex interaction between obesity, metabolic syndrome and reproductive axis: A narrative review. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 62, 457–478.
Muise, A., & Impett, E. A. (2015). Good, giving, and game: The relationship benefits of communal sexual motivation. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6, 164–172.
Nugteren, H. M., et al. (2010). Penile enlargement: From medication to surgery. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 36, 118–123.
Parker, G. A., & Pizzari, T. (2010). Sperm competition and ejaculate economics. Biological Reviews, 85, 897–934.
Perry, J. C., et al. (2013). The seminal symphony: How to compose an ejaculate. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 28, 414–422.
Pestana, I. A., et al. (2009). Management of “buried” penis in adulthood: An overview. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 124, 1186–1195.
Peterson, A., et al. (2011). Predicting preferences for sex acts: Which traits matter most, and why? Evolutionary Psychology, 9, 371–389.
Pham, M. N., et al. (2013). Is cunnilingus-assisted orgasm a male sperm-retention strategy? Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 405–414.
Pham, M. N., et al. (2014). Partner attractiveness moderates the relationship between number of sexual rivals and in-pair copulation frequency in humans (Homo sapiens). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 128, 328–331.
Pham, M. N., & Shackelford, T. K. (2013). Oral sex as infidelity-detection. Personality and Individual Differences, 54, 792–795.
Prause, N., & Fong, T. (2015). The science and politics of sex addiction research. In L. Comella & S. Tarrant (Eds.), New views on pornography (pp. 431–446). New York: Praeger.
Prause, N., & Pfaus, J. (in press). Viewing more sexual stimuli associated with greater sexual responsiveness, not erectile dysfunction. J. Sexual Medicine.
Puppo, V. (2013). Anatomy and physiology of the clitoris, vestibular bulbs, and labia minora with a review of the female orgasm and the prevention of female sexual dysfunction. Clinical Anatomy, 26, 134–152.
Robbins, C. L., et al. (2011). Prevalence, frequency, and associations of masturbation with partnered sexual behaviors among US adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 165, 1087–1093.
Rupp, H. A., & Wallen, K. (2008). Sex differences in response to visual sexual stimuli: A review. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37, 206–218.
Sela, Y., et al. (2015). Do women perform fellatio as a mate retention behavior? Personality and Individual Differences, 73, 61–66.
Shackelford, T. K., & Goetz, A. T. (2007). Adaptation to sperm competition in humans. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16, 47–50.
Staley, C., & Prause, N. (2013). Erotica viewing effects on intimate relationships and self/partner evaluations. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42(4), 615–624.
Suddendorf, T., & Corballis, M. C. (2007). The evolution of foresight: What is mental time travel, and is it unique to humans? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30, 299–313.
Tchernof, A., & Després, J.-P. (2013). Pathophysiology of visceral obesity: An update. Physiological Reviews, 93, 359–404.
Tybur, J. M., et al. (2011). Smells like safe sex: Olfactory pathogen primes increase intentions to use condoms. Psychological Science, 22, 478–480.
Veale, D., et al. (in press). Am I normal? A systematic review and construction of nomagrams for flaccid and erect penis lengths and circumferences in up to 15,215 men. BJU International.
Voracek, M., & Fisher, M. L. (2006). Success is all in the measures: Androgenousness, curvaceousness, and starring frequencies in adult media actresses. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 35, 297–304.
Wallen, K., & Lloyd, E. A. (2011). Female sexual arousal: Genital anatomy and orgasm in intercourse. Hormones and Behavior, 59, 780–792.
Waterman, J. M. (2010). The adaptive function of masturbation in a promiscuous African ground squirrel. PLOS ONE, 5, e13060.
Wismeijer, A. A., et al. (2013). Psychological characteristics of BDSM practitioners. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 10, 1943–1952.
Wlodarski, R., & Dunbar, R. I. M. (2013). Examining the possible functions of kissing in romantic relationships. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42(8), 1415–1423.

Geoff’s Work

Costa, R. M., et al. (2012). Women who prefer longer penises are more likely to have vaginal orgasms (but not clitoral orgasms): Implications for an evolutionary theory of vaginal orgasm. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9, 3079–3088.
Costa, R. M., et al. (2013). Penis size and vaginal orgasm. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 10, 2875–2876
Prause, N., et al. (under revision). False dichotomies and falsifications: “Clitoral” versus “vaginal” orgasms: False dichotomies and differential effects. Journal of Sexual Medicine.
Prause, N., et al. (under review). Women’s preferences for penis size: A new method using selection among 3D-printed models. PLOS ONE.
Zietsch, B. P., et al. (2011). Female orgasm rates are largely independent of other traits: Implications for “female orgasmic disorder” and evolutionary theories of orgasm. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 8 (8), 2305–2316.

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